There are 117 million lakes in the World. The majority of these lakes are freshwater, and of these freshwater lakes, the majority are found in the Northern Hemisphere. Many were formed by glaciers or are the product of glaciation. Below we have listed the top 10 deepest lakes in the World.
- 10. Clearwater Lake, Canada
- 9. Great Slave Lake, Canada 614 meters (2,015 feet)
- 8. Issyk Kul, Kyrgyzstan 668 meters (2,192 feet)
- 7. Lake Malawi, Malawi 706 meters (2,316 feet)
- 6. O’Higgins -San Martin, Argentina 836 meters
- 5. Lake Bunyonyi, Uganda 900 meters
- 4. Lake Vostok, Antarctica 900 meters (3000 feet).
- 3. The Caspian Sea, Russia 1,025 meters (3,363 feet).
- 2. Lake Tanganyika, Tanzania 1,470 meters deep
- 1. Lake Baikal, Russia 1,637 meters deep
10. Clearwater Lake, Canada
You will find Clearwater Lake in Manitoba in the northeast of The Pas. Surrounding the lake are surreal forests that include the spruce bog. The beautiful lake measures 593 square kilometers.
It boasts an average depth of 43 feet (13.1 m), a width of 16 km, and a maximum depth of 127 feet (39 m). Those who visit this lake will notice that the water is a clear blue color, teeming with large trout.
The Clearwater Lake is one of the top ten deepest lakes globally, ranking No.10 in our list of the World’s top 10 deepest lakes.
Fish species in Clearwater include Walleye, Yellow Perch, Northern Pike White Bass, Muskie, and Smallmouth Bass. Clearwater offers some of the best fishing spots in the country.
A natural reef system in the lake, mixed with rocks and weedy bays, hosts some pretty big trophy fish. There have been recorded catches/sightings of giant sturgeon at this lake.
9. Great Slave Lake, Canada 614 meters (2,015 feet)
Okay, slavery is not beautiful, but Great Slave Lake, named after the name of a First Nations tribe, offers some of the most heavenly views in Canada.
It’s a bottomless lake with an area of 27,200 km 2. Ice-free between May and September, it is also an essential place to practice various aquatic and nautical activities. Sportfishing is particularly popular here.
It has the Hay River, the Slave River, the Lockhart River, and the Talton River as its principal tributaries.
It also has the Mackenzie River on its eastern and southern shores, which adjoin the Canadian Shield.
As a result of gold discovery on the shore, cities like Fort Resolution and Yellowknife have developed around the lake. It has a fascinating history that tickles many wanderlust fans.
Long ago, the lake reportedly froze in winter and allowed trucks to pass through. This process occurred for eight months, a period in which engineers built a highway around it.
8. Issyk Kul, Kyrgyzstan 668 meters (2,192 feet)
Although surrounded by snow-capped peaks, Issyk never freezes up, hence the name, which translates to ” a hot lake” in English. Issyk Kul is among the biggest lakes in Central Asia and is a hotbed of tourism in Kyrgyzstan.
Different seaside resorts have developed around the lake in recent years. The region offers many possibilities for walks around the lake, on foot, by bike, or on horseback.
Issyk-Kul is reportedly rich in phytoplankton, with 299 known taxa. Algal organisms here primarily belong to the blue-green family (Cyanophyceae), but their growing period is short.
There are up to 1.5 m of Macrophyte (and up to 40 m of Characeae in this lake, which make up 96% of the total annual macrophyte production, and occur in nearly all plant communities.
Four Chara species live closer to the surface, while three others live at greater depths (Savvaitova and Petr, 1992).
It has more than 20 kinds of fish. Four of the most popular species are “chebak,” naked “soman,” common carp, and “Marinka.” In the winter months, hundreds of thousands of waterfowl migrate to the western and eastern coasts of the lake.
Nearly a million people live within the Issyk-Kul Basin, mainly Kyrgyz and Russian inhabitants. However, there were also many Ukrainians, Tatars, Uzbek, and Dungan people.
The Balukchu and Karkol cities are both bustling, with thousands of people living on many islands off the eastern part of Priissukkul in the vast expanse of the lake.
Boat trips across the lake transport freight and passengers, as well as buses, trains, and planes.
7. Lake Malawi, Malawi 706 meters (2,316 feet)
Africa’s third-largest lake, Lake Malawi, is the southernmost of the Rift Valley lakes. It has a remarkable aquatic fauna that delights divers all over the World.
Sitting on the border between Tanzania, Mozambique, and Malawi, Lake Malawi has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1984. It is an ideal destination for a moment of relaxation and romance; the lake is perfectly combined with the safaris of Zambia and Malawi.
As a bonus, the lake’s waters are at 24 degrees minimum, even during the coolest periods.
The Ruhuhu River drains into Lake Malawi, which is also the largest river in Malawi, located in the country’s southern region. The Shire River, which is also the largest river in Malawi, empties into Lake Malawi.
Shire River also empties into the Zambezi River, which empties into the Indian Ocean at the coast of Mozambique.
Lake Malawi has a greater variety of fish species and temperatures.
This lake has alkaline water with a pH of between7.7 to 8.6 and is home to a wide variety of fish and crocodiles, hippopotami, monkeys, and fish eagles.
6. O’Higgins -San Martin, Argentina 836 meters
Unlike most lakes with a single structure, Lake O’Higgins-San Martin has standout anatomy. It has eight arms crossing the head and tail of the lake and has an area of 1,013 square kilometers.
Plunged deep under the Argentinian territories, the O’Higgins-San Martin has a maximum depth of 836 meters.
If you are somewhere in the city of Argentina, never miss an opportunity to visit this mighty lake. O’Higgins-San Martin is one of Argentina’s most visited tourist spots. This lake is one of the deepest lakes in the Americas.
5. Lake Bunyonyi, Uganda 900 meters
Bunyonyi Lake is near the border with Rwanda, close to the city of Kisoro in regional south-western Uganda.
Scientific literature has quoted a max depth of 40 m (130 ft), but local guides and tourists claim a deeper depth of 900 m (3,000 ft).
This would make Bunyonyi the second deepest lake in Africa.
Inhabitants are treated to four shrimp species: the Caridina shrimp, the Lake Victoria clawed frog, Dar es Salaam crustaceans, and Lake Victoria’s bunyonyiesis clawed frog.
Also, a few years ago, experts introduced several fish, crayfish, haplochromine cichlids, and their red swamp relatives into the lake a few decades ago.
4. Lake Vostok, Antarctica 900 meters (3000 feet).
Nestled on the other side of the planet, Lake Vostok is the largest of Antarctica’s 400 or so known subglacial lakes.
The lake sits under the Russian station of Vostok. This freshwater lake, covered with no less than 4000 meters of ice, carries within it organisms that lived millions of years ago and utterly foreign to us until then.
A favorite study ground for many researchers, Lake Vostok also offers a unique panorama to its visitors.
According to some estimates, the lake water was sealed off by a thick ice sheet 15 million years ago.
Experts have suggested that the Antarctic ice sheet is continuously melting and siphoning the water out of the lake in later research.
On the other hand, the lake is continually fed by water melting from other parts of the ice sheet during high-pressure conditions.
3. The Caspian Sea, Russia 1,025 meters (3,363 feet).
The Caspian Sea is often described as the largest closed sea in the World. Given its surface area and singular salinity, this sea is considered a lake from a strictly legal perspective.
The Caspian Sea has no flow and is cossetted by Russia, Kazakhstan, Iran, Azerbaijan, and Turkmenistan.
In addition to its atypical dimensions, the lake also stands out with an abundance of sturgeon.
2. Lake Tanganyika, Tanzania 1,470 meters deep
L. Tanganyika is said to be the largest freshwater body in the World, second to L. Baikal. This lake, shared between four countries – Tanzania, Burundi, Zambia the Central African Republic.
Michel Sardou showered praises to the lake in his hit song Africa farewell, a masterpiece of biodiversity. On the edge of Gombe Stream National Park, this lake has no less than 400 species of fish and reptiles, fishing birds, and hippos.
Tanzania holds a 41 % share of the lake, with the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) owning 45 % of it and Burundi 45 %.
There are inflows from the Ruzizi River, which enter Lake Tanganyika and flows into Lake Kivu further downstream. It empties into the Congo River, Tanzania’s second-largest river.
Because of the missing water recirculation within Lake Tanganyika, water below 200 m is nearly anaerobic. More than 45,000 people live in this region, most of them employed in fisheries. Fish is the primary food source for anglers in the lake area.
1. Lake Baikal, Russia 1,637 meters deep
Lake Baikal is the deepest in the World at 1,637 meters deep and has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1996. It is hailed as the largest freshwater lake.
Located more than 8,000 kilometers from France on the border of the Irkutsk Oblast and the Republic of Buryatia, this lake is surrounded by dense nature popular with hikers along the Trans-Siberian railway.
Nicknamed “Pearl of Siberia” by the locals, this opaline-like lake offers a view at a depth of about 40 meters and turns into a majestic ice rink in winter. It is also the epicenter of various nature reserves where different wild animals are found.
The lake receives input from 336 permanent rivers and streams 3 – including the Selenga from Mongolia – and flows into the Yenisei through the Angara near Irkutsk. Its dimensions make it a subject to a system of significant waves (up to 6 m ) and a regular barrage of currents.