Alpine Goat Facts

Alpine goats are one of the most popular goats for dairy production. They are sweet, friendly, and long-lived.

They are a medium to a large-sized breed of domestic goat with horns, a straight profile, and erect ears. In addition to being utilized as milk goats on homesteads, they are also employed in commercial dairy production.

It thrives in any climate while maintaining good health and excellent production.

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Alpine Goat Facts for Kids

  • Alpine goats have horns.
  • They live between 15 to 18 years old.
  • They weigh between 135 and 170 pounds.
  • Popular goat for its very good milking ability.
  • They produce two to three quarts of milk daily.
  • Alpine goats live in herds.

Scientific Name

The Alpine goat is a species of goat (Capra aegagrus hircu). There are several domestic breeds, including the French Alpine, British Alpine, and American Alpine.

Appearance and Behavior

Alpine goats are ruminant mammals that have cloven hooves, horns, beards, and relatively large frames. They are well-known for having an attractive appearance and may be seen in a wide range of hues that are uniquely distinctive to themselves.

They can weigh anything from 135 to 170 pounds and stand between 30 and 32 inches tall at the shoulder.

Alpine goats are graceful, curious, and friendly animals that live in herds of 5-20. They are hardy and require a cozy barn and a sunny pasture.


The American Alpine goat is a dairy goat breed that has been crossbred to introduce new genetics suited for dairying while still retaining much of the type of French alpine.

Alpine goat milk has a relatively low-fat content and is higher in sugar than cows’ milk. Female goats give milk up to 5.5 liters a day.

It’s a popular milking goat since it has long lactations and produces a lot of milk.

Proper milking procedures are essential to produce quality milk.

Alpine Goat Farming

As a commercial dairy breed, that can survive in any type of weather condition. Its milk contains vitamins A’, ‘B,’ ‘C, ‘D, ‘E’ and ‘K’ and is used to make cheese, butter, soap, ice cream, and other products.


Despite the fact that dairy goats like to graze, they must also consume roughage, concentrates, shrubs, weeds, and brush in order to satisfy their nutritional requirements and consume an adequate amount of dietary variety.

They need a regular balanced diet and thrive on fresh green vegetation. This healthy diet will help them maintain a healthy weight.


The Alpine goat originated in the French countryside and preferred cool to cold environments.

They are not crazy about the weather that’s too warm. Make sure to take steps to keep your goats from becoming too hot in the summertime.

Predators and Threats

Domestic alpine goats are threatened by wild dogs, wolves, coyotes, mountain lions, and other carnivores. They should be housed in a pasture with adequate fencing and a large barn. Wild alpines are extremely rare, and global warming is causing them to become less common.

Farmers across the world rely on these goats for sustainable dairy production.

Reproduction, Babies, and Lifespan

Alpine goats can reproduce when they are 18 months to 2 years old and can only be in heat for two days to a matter of hours.

You can breed bucks at one year old, but they may not develop well if you add them to the breeding group too soon.

Alpines usually give birth to one kid at a go, but twins are not uncommon, and triplet births are possible.

Kids typically weigh around 5-10 pounds at birth and can stand up and start moving around within a few hours of birth.

Alpine goats can live up to 18 years old with proper care. They are prone to viral diseases like CAE and udder development problems.