Animals That Live on Land and Water

Animals That Live on Land and Water

Amphibians are often associated with both land and water living, but crocodilians, turtles, and even some fish also do well in both domains.

We’ll have a look over our list of what animals live on land and water with pictures

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American Alligators

American alligators are found in the southeastern United States. They can be found in many of the rivers and lakes in the area, as well as in brackish water near the coast. Alligators feed on a variety of prey, including fish, birds, amphibians, and mammals. They can stay submerged for up to 24 hours at a time when resting or when conditions are right.

American alligators are able to reach speeds of 35 mph. They use their speed to catch prey as well as to escape danger. They can also feed on carcasses and hunt terrestrial prey such as deer or raccoons.

The largest American alligator only reaches up to six feet in length with a weight of up to 150 pounds; however, most American alligators measure around four feet long and weigh between 60-100 pounds.

While they may seem slow and docile, American alligators are capable predators that should not be underestimated!


Beavers live in ponds, lakes, and rivers. They eat fruit, woody plants, water scum, and other vegetation in their diet. Beavers need water to survive as they live on land for less than 2% of the time per day (they spend 97% of the time in the water). Beavers live in close proximity to water–they will only come out of the water if they have no other choice.


The capybara is a large, semi-aquatic rodent that is found in Central America and North America. These mammals are the largest rodents in the world and can weigh up to 150 pounds. They have webbed feet, which allows them to stay submerged for long periods of time, and they are usually found on land where they eat leaves, roots, and fruit. Capybaras will groom themselves when it is time to sleep or if they are in a place with high humidity levels.


Crabs are decapod crustaceans with a short projecting “tail” (abdomen), which are covered with a thick exoskeleton and have a single pair of pincers.

Crabs have claws that come in very handy when they need to protect themselves from predators or when they’re looking for food.

Interestingly enough, crabs can survive out of water for one to two days if necessary; however, they must return to the water afterward, or else they will die. One reason why this is possible is that their skin is soft and protects their organs from weather changes or being eaten by predators.

Another interesting fact about crabs is that they’re nocturnal animals which means they’re active during the night and sleep during the day so that they can evade potential predators.


Ducks are interesting creatures. Although they’re typically classified as water birds, they do go on land for a few specific reasons. For one, ducks need to eat insects and plants that are found onshore. Additionally, when ducks are nesting or molting (a process in which they lose their feathers), they’ll head to land for safety.

Interestingly enough, there’s quite a variety of ducks that can be found in North America. From the harlequin duck to the wood duck, these animals are among the most common types of waterfowl around. 


Frogs are amphibians, and they have an exoskeleton instead of bones. This means that they need to live in moist environments, so their skin doesn’t dry out. Frogs usually stay near swamps and ponds, but they can also be found in other wet areas like rainforests.

Frogs are mortal and vulnerable to many wildlife. For example, snakes prey on frogs, as do birds such as hawks and eagles.

Although they were historically considered “poor swimmers,” frogs actually spend most of their time in the water if it is available to them. They use their webbed feet to paddle around and catch prey like insects, spiders, and small fish.


Geese are a type of waterfowl that can be found in and around freshwater areas. These animals are skilled swimmers but usually stay on land during feeding time. Geese build nests on elevated areas rather than near the water sources ducks prefer. Interestingly, geese are considered animals even though they live on both lands and in water.


Hippos are semi-aquatic mammals that live in Africa and spend 16 hours of their day underwater and on land. They are the third-largest land mammal after elephants and rhinos. The hippo spends most of its time in the water, but it can’t swim or float because they’re too heavy. Hippos feed during the sunset period because their sensitive skin needs to be kept wet.

They graze for food on land at night, and since they are more aggressive in the water than on land, they need to be careful not to get attacked by predators. Hippos move by walking underwater and galloping on land. They can hold their breath for up to five minutes!

They are different depending on their location- some are friendly, while others can be very dangerous (especially if you’re a crocodile). 

Land Turtles

There are many different types of land turtles, but all share some common characteristics. They are all reptiles that live on land and have a shell that protects them from predators. Most of these turtles are omnivores and eat both plants and animals.

The most well-known type of land turtle is the tortoise. Tortoises can be found in many different parts of the world, and they vary in size and color. Some tortoises can weigh over 200 pounds, while others are quite small. Another common type of land turtle is the box turtle. Box turtles get their name from their ability to completely close up their shell when threatened. This makes them very difficult for predators to capture.

Land turtles have many predators, both on land and in the water. Hawks, raccoons, snakes, and other animals will prey on them if they can find them. In addition, turtles must be careful when swimming in bodies of water because ducks, geese, herons, egrets, cormorants, otters, and even crocodiles will eat them if given the chance


Lungfish are on our list of animals that live on land and water. They can breathe in air and water like no other fish species, making them unique among fish. Lungfish hibernate for up to five years without food or water, making them one of the most interesting creatures on this list. Lungfish are known for their estivation periods, which is another way of saying they can go a long time without food or water.

Interestingly enough, lungfish breathe air underwater, unlike other fish that need to surface for air. This allows them to stay underwater longer than other fish and gives them an advantage when it comes to hunting prey. Lungfish are one of the many creatures on this list, with adaptations that help them survive in their environment.

River Otters

These carnivores spend most of their day hunting, which requires 6-9 hours on land and 9-10 hours underwater each day. And they need to eat a lot–the average river otter eats 20% of its weight per day in fish!

The otter is a weasel that lives in rivers, lakes, swamps, coastal shorelines, tidal flats, and estuaries. It eats fish, amphibians, freshwater clams, mussels, snails, small turtles, and crayfish and has been known to attack and drown dogs.

They have a long, tapered tail, a muscular neck, and a narrower visage than the European otter. It weighs 5 to 14 kilograms (11 to 31 lb) and has long whiskers that are used to detect prey in dark waters.


Did you know that penguins spend two-thirds of their lives in the water? They use their flippers to swim at speeds up to 6mph (9.7 km/h). In fact, they can even take a nap while floating on the surface of the water! 

Penguins are popular because of their unusual upright gait, swimming ability, and lack of fear of humans. The penguin can be found in Angola, Antarctica, Argentina, Australia, Chile, Namibia, New Zealand, and South Africa.


Platypuses are one of the unique creatures on Earth. They are semi-aquatic mammals that live in both streams and rivers. What’s really amazing about them is that they hunt underwater to get their food, which consists primarily of worms, larvae, and shrimps! Unlike other fish who have to surface for air, platypuses can breathe out of water and air due to their specially adapted lungs.

Another interesting fact about these animals is that they rarely go on land as they use a lot more energy when walking around on land. In fact, they will only rest or sleep outside water in burrows made by themselves or another platypus!

Polar Bears

The polar bear is a marine mammal that spends many months of the year at sea. It is found primarily along the perimeter of the polar ice pack, where the ice meets water and hunts seals that migrate in response to weather changes.

They have thick fur that keeps their body temperature regulated in harsh environments. The female polar bear traveled 426 miles without ever pausing, which is a record-holding distance for any animal!

Polar bears can hold their breath for up to 20 minutes, making them excellent swimmers. In addition, they are very fast in the water or snow but clumsy on land. A shallow pit in the snow is a favorite spot for polar bears to nap.


There are many different types of salamanders, and they can be found both on land and in water. Salamanders go through three stages in their life: larvae, juveniles, and adults. Larvae live in the water and transform into juveniles once they reach a certain size; these juvenile salamanders will then move onto land to become adults.

An example of a semi-aquatic salamander is a newt, which spends its second stage of life as a juvenile where it lives on land before becoming an adult.

Salamanders need water to survive; without it, they will die. This is why you often find them near bodies of water or streams–they need access to moist environments in order to breathe! 

Spotted Turtles

Spotted turtles are a type of chelonian, which is the scientific name for a group of animals that have a shell. They live in shallow, freshwater areas of southern Canada and the eastern United States.

Most spotted turtles eat a variety of things, but they are omnivores, which means that their diet consists mainly of plants and meat. They’ll flee to the water or bury themselves in the mud if they feel threatened (e.g., ducks, beavers, geese, platypuses).

Although they’re primarily land creatures, spotted turtles will also eat a variety of shellfish like lobsters and crabs, as well as mollusks like oysters and clams. In fact, they’ll even eat mollusks like octopus and squid! And if they can catch them, dugongs and sea turtles too!


A swan is a big waterfowl that lives in a lot of different places. They live near lakes, rivers, and ponds. Swans are herbivores, and their diet consists of short grass, leafy greens, and other plant vegetation. Swans typically go on land to nest but will spend most of the time in the water to eat.

They build their nests on already existing structures surrounded by the water; for example, they may use a tree or bush as a foundation and then pile up reeds, straw, or other material around it to make the nest bigger.


Walruses are a species of mammal that can be found in the Arctic and subarctic regions. They are primarily land animals, but they spend about two-thirds of their time in the water. Walruses are able to swim up to 22 miles per hour, making them one of the fastest swimming marine mammals. Another interesting fact about walruses is that they can rest on land or bear their young on land, which is a surprising way for them to move around and compared with most marine mammals.”

They find safety in groups. This is because when they’re out of the water, they are quite vulnerable to predators. Walruses are social creatures and can be found outside of the water as well. In fact, you may be able to see them at zoos across North America!

How do animals that live on land and water survive in both environments?

Vertebrates (animals with backbones) that can live both on land and in water are called amphibians. Their lungs can breathe atmospheric oxygen, and they differ from reptiles in that they breed in water, and have soft, moist skin, and scaleless skin.

What adaptations do animals that live on land and water have to help them survive?

Animals that live on land and water have adaptations to help them survive. For example, fish can swim in the water because they have adapted fins and tails. They also have gills to breathe underwater.

Land animals such as tigers have adapted to living in different habitats. Tigers that live in the forest have stripes that help them hide in the trees. Tigers that live in the desert have a light coat of fur that helps them stay cool.

Some animals, like kangaroos, can adapt to living in different environments. Kangaroos can switch from hopping on two legs to hopping on all fours depending on how fast they need to move.

What are the benefits and drawbacks of living on land and water for animals?

Animals That Live on Land and Water Chart

There are a number of benefits and drawbacks to living on land or water for animals. On the one hand, aquatic animals have the advantage of being able to breathe through gills or their skin, which allows them to live in water that is either fresh or salt. In contrast, terrestrial animals must use lungs or tracheas for breathing, which limits them to living on land.

Aquatic animals also tend to be poikilothermic (cold-blooded), meaning they can adjust their body temperature according to the environment. This helps them stay alive in colder waters and avoid becoming prey. In contrast, terrestrial animals are usually homeothermic (warm-blooded), meaning they maintain a relatively stable internal body temperature regardless of the environment. This can be an advantage when it comes to hunting or avoiding predators, but it also requires more energy from the animal’s food sources.

Another benefit of aquatic life is that many species can undergo metamorphosis from larvae into adults with both lungs and gills. This allows them to move between different habitats as needed and increases their chances of survival. However, not all amphibians undergo metamorphosis; some remain in larval form throughout adulthood and rely solely on the lungs for breathing.

Finally, aquatic animals tend to be more diverse in terms of species than terrestrial animals. There are approximately 7000 amphibian species compared to around 5500 mammal species. This greater diversity can be an advantage when it comes to finding food or avoiding predators, but it also makes it harder for any one group of animals to survive a mass extinction event.

What effect does climate change have on animals that live on land and water?

The study asks whether animals will be able to adapt to climate change. Animals that live on both land and water may have a harder time adapting to the changes in their habitats and ecosystems. For example, if the temperature increases too much, fish may not be able to survive in the new environment. Additionally, they may not be able to migrate to other parts of the world because there will be no place for them to go.

On the other hand, some animals may benefit from climate change. For example, if there is less snowfall in an area, insects that rely on cold weather conditions may have an easier time surviving. However, it is important to note that these adaptations are still uncertain and could potentially lead to negative consequences for both plant and animal communities.

How do humans impact animals that live on land and water?

Humans have a big impact on animals that live in both fresh water and salt water. For example, when people dump trash into rivers and lakes, it can contaminate the water and make it difficult for fish and other creatures to survive.

In addition, humans often build dams on rivers to create hydroelectric power or to control flooding. When this happens, it can block the flow of water and disrupt the natural habitat of fish and other aquatic creatures.

On land, the ever-changing landscape and loss of habitat can cause problems for animals. This is a problem for animals on land, and we’ve seen so many animals finding it hard to survive. 

What are the differences between animals that live on land and water?

There are a few major differences between animals that live on land and those that live in water. Amphibians, for example, can thrive in both environments. They have lungs to breathe air on land and gills to extract oxygen from water. Sea snakes, which are amphibians, also live on both lands and in the water.

In contrast, fish need water to survive and cannot breathe air. Reptiles such as lizards and snakes can only live on land; they lack the adaptations needed to survive in water. Birds also require air to breathe; they cannot stay underwater for very long before they start to drown.

What are the life cycles of animals that live on land and water?

The life cycles of animals that live on land and water vary depending on the animal. For example, amphibians are an example of a successful terrestrial animal. They have successfully transitioned from aquatic to terrestrial in the past and can do so independently and successfully many times over again.

However, not all animals make this transition as easily. Many animals have successfully transitioned from aquatic to terrestrial in the past, but there are also many reasons why these transitions occurred, including climate and food availability.

Transitioning from aquatic to terrestrial life is not a one-time process but rather an ongoing cycle that can occur independently and successfully many times over again.

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