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Argentina Facts for Kids

  • Argentina is known officially as the “Republica Argentina” in Spanish or the federal republic of Argentina.
  • It is located on the southern side of South America
  • it shares a border with Bolivia and Paraguay in the north, Brazil in the northeast, Uruguay, and the Atlantic Ocean in the east while Chile is to the west.
  • Argentina is the 8th largest country in the world while it is the second in Latin America,
  • It has a total area of 2,780,400 sq km.
  • The largest city is the capital city which is Buenos Aires.
  • Argentina was colonized by Spain in the 16th century and gained independence from Spain on 9th July 1816.
  • It has a total population of people is 44,293,293 as of 2017,
  • The official language is Spanish
  • The Argentine Spanish is called the lunfardo, this is a slang that emerged in Buenos Aires around 1900, it is a lot more similar to Italian than Mexican Spanish and may have originated as a criminal slang.
  • There is a welsh speaking section of Argentina and it has its own version of welsh.
  • The people of Argentina are called Argentine or Argentinean and the most common religion is Christianity.
  • Their currency called the Peso ($) (ARS).
  • The country’s export is based on soybeans and derivatives, corn, wheat and petroleum and gas while the import is based on machinery, organic chemicals, plastics and natural gas as well as motor vehicles.
  • The national sport of Argentina is Football (Soccer), it has also been known to be the undisputed world polo champion since 1949 and provides the world’s top 10 players.

  • It is a known fact that Tango originated from Argentina, it came from Buenos Aires’ slaughterhouse district in the late 1800s and combines Milonga Music with African Rhythms.
  • The national drink is called the Mate Tea, it is made from the young leaves of the yerba mate and it is sipped through a metal straw called the “Bombilla”
  • The first child ever to be legally recognized to have two fathers is in Argentina. In 2012, the child born in Buenos Aires had two dads listed in his birth certificate
  • Political parties in Argentina have their own beer brands.
  • Argentina had 5 presidents in 10days in 2001’
  • Fingerprint was first used to solve a crime in Argentina. It was also the first place, the fingerprint was used to determine if a person was guilty of a crime or not. This was done in 1892, when bloody fingerprint was left on a door which matched Francisca Rojas of killing her two children.
  • Argentina was one of the first countries in the world to have radio broadcasting. Only a few people had the radio receiver to listen at the time though.
  • Argentines spend the most time listening to the radio of any nation in the world at least 1 or 2 hours a week.
  • There are no public school buses in Argentina. Students must buy their own books and uniforms
  • Plants of early years (472 million years ago) have been found in Argentina. These newly discovered plants are called liverworts and have no stems or roots.
  • Multiple discoveries of gigantic dinosaurs including the Giganotosaurus which was the biggest carnivores on land as well as the Argentinosaurus which is said to have been as large as 125 feet (38m) in length and weighed 75,000kg (160,000 ibs). The Eoraptor, the oldest predator dinosaur ever found to date was discovered in Argentina in 1993.
  • Proof of ancient people living in Argentina is in the western part of Patagonia, the cave of hands has paintings dating from 9,370 years old. The interesting part is they are mostly drawings of left hands
  • Quechu was the language of the Inca Empire and is still spoken today, by 10 million people in Argentina. Quechua words that are used in the English language include llama, gaucho, condor, quinine.
  • Quechu was the language of the Inca Empire and is still spoken today, by 10 million people in Argentina. Quechua words that are used in the English language include llama, gaucho, condor, quinine.
  • The Italian population in Argentina is the second highest outside of Italy, with about 25 million people and brazil having 28million Italians
  • The endangered short tailed chinchilla is only found in Argentina, many were killed in the 19th and early 20th centuries to make fur coats.
  • Argentina is home to the howler monkeys, the loudest animals in the western Hemisphere.

  • Walt Disney is not the first to create animation that would be Quirino Cristiani from Argentina was the first creator of an animated film ever. In 1917, the animation El Apostol was created; it was 70minutes long and had over 58,000 frames.