Babirusa Facts

The Babirusa is a wild pig that lives in Indonesia. It has a long snout that helps it find food, and it has tusks that look like horns. Its skin is usually gray or brown, and its fur can be either short or long depending on the type of Babirusa. It has short, strong legs and hooves that help it move quickly in the wild.

Babirusas live in groups and eat a variety of plants and fruits, as well as insects, small mammals, and even other babirusas. They sleep in nests that they build in the trees or in burrows in the ground.

They can be dangerous if they feel threatened, so it’s important to stay away from them. However, they are very curious animals and might come close to people if they feel safe.

Babirusas are important to their environment because they help spread the seeds of plants and fruits. They are also important to the people of Indonesia, who use meat and skin for food and clothing.

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Babirusa Facts for Kids

  • The Babirusa is a type of wild pig found in the tropical forests of Indonesia.
  • They have four large tusks, two on the top of their mouths and two on the bottom.
  • They are about the size of a large dog and can weigh up to 150 pounds.
  • Babirusa uses its long tusks to dig for food, like roots and nuts.
  • Babirusa lives in small family groups, with one male and several females.
  • They are considered a vulnerable species, which means they are in danger of becoming extinct.
  • They are also threatened by habitat loss.

Babirusa Scientific Name

The scientific name for the Babirusa is Babyrousa celebensis, which is derived from the Latin words for “celebrated” and “hog.” This species is found in Indonesia, specifically on the islands of Sulawesi and Buru, and is also known as the North Sulawesi babirusa. This species is the most common of the four species of Babirusa and is the most widely distributed.

The scientific name Babyrousa celebensis can be broken down into two parts. The first part, Babyrousa, is derived from the Malay words “babi” and “rusa,” which translate to “pig” and “deer,” respectively. This is a reference to the Babirusa’s physical appearance, which combines features from both pigs and deer. The second part, celebensis, is a reference to the Celebes Sea, which is located between the islands of Sulawesi and Buru, where the Babirusa is found.

The North Sulawesi babirusa (Babyrousa celebensis) is a species of wild pig that is native to the islands of Sulawesi and Buru in Indonesia. This species is the most common of the four species of Babirusa and is the most widely distributed.

The North Sulawesi babirusa is also the most threatened species of Babirusa, with only a few hundred individuals remaining in the wild. The North Sulawesi babirusa is an omnivorous species and is known to feed on a variety of plant and animal matter, including fruits, leaves, insects, and small animals.

Babirusa Appearance & Behavior

Babirusas inhabit tropical rainforests in the Indonesian islands of Sulawesi, Togian, Buru, and Sula. They have a unique appearance, with a long snout, large tusks, and a small, slender body.

In terms of physical appearance, babirusas are generally between 50-80 centimeters in length and weigh between 35 and 70 kilograms. They have a long, narrow snout, which is usually curved downwards, along with four pairs of large tusks that protrude from the upper jaw, which can reach up to 20 centimeters in length. Their fur is typically grey or black in color, with a reddish or yellowish tinge, and is often speckled with white spots. They have long, thin tails and cloven hooves.

Babirusas have been observed to have a somewhat solitary lifestyle, with individuals typically living alone or in small family groups. They are primarily herbivores, feeding on fruits, leaves, and grasses, although they have also been known to eat insects and other small animals. They are active during the day and spend the night in burrows or tree hollows.

Babirusas are also known to be quite territorial and have been observed to fight with other animals, including other babirusas, in order to defend their territory. They are also known to use their tusks to dig for food, as well as for self-defense.

Overall, the Babirusa is an interesting and unique species with a unique appearance and behavior. They are relatively small and solitary animals with long snouts, large tusks, and cloven hooves. They feed primarily on fruits and plant matter and have been observed to be quite territorial.

Babirusa Habitat

They are native to the islands of Indonesia, including Togian, Sula, Buru, and Sulawesi. They live in moist, tropical climates and can be found in both lowland and highland habitats.

They prefer living in forests and areas near rivers, swamps, and marshes. They also spend a good deal of time in the mud, which helps to keep them cool in hot weather.

What does a babirusa eat?

A babirusa is an omnivorous animal, meaning they eat both plants and animals.

Their diet consists of the following:

  • Fruits
  • Grasses
  • Leaves
  • Berries
  • Roots
  • Insects
  • Small rodents
  • Reptiles
  • Carrion
  • Eggs
  • Fish
  • Nuts

What are Babirusa Predators?

The two main predators of the Babirusa are humans and feral dogs. Humans hunt babirusas for their meat, which is considered a delicacy in some areas, while feral dogs may attack babirusas as they are much smaller than dogs.

Both of these threats can have a devastating impact on babirusa populations, especially when combined.

What is the Life Cycle of the Babirusa?


Babirusas are polygynous, meaning that the males mate with multiple females. The breeding season typically occurs during the wet season. During this time, males will fight for access to females and establish a hierarchy.

After mating takes place, the female becomes pregnant and will give birth to a litter of one to four piglets after a gestation period of between 155-158 days.


At birth, the piglets are blind and have a sparse coat of reddish-brown fur. They are able to walk within hours of birth and begin to feed on their mother’s milk. They are cared for by their mother until they are weaned at around 3 months of age.


Once the piglets are weaned, they begin to explore their environment, forage for food, and play with other juvenile babirusas. They are still dependent on their mother for protection from predators and can remain in her care for up to a year.


At around one year old, the babirusas reach adulthood. They are now physically mature, but their tusks will not fully develop until they are two to three years old. Adult babirusas live in groups of up to 40 members, with a dominant male leading the herd.


Babirusas can live up to 15 years in the wild or up to 20 years in captivity. As they age, their tusks will continue to grow, curving back towards their face. They will also become greyer in color and may develop arthritis or other age-related health issues.


Babirusas can die from natural causes such as old age, or from diseases like anthrax.