Blackbird Facts

The common blackbird (Turdus merula) is a species of true thrush that breeds in Europe, Asiatic Russia, and North Africa. It is also found in Australia and New Zealand.

The common blackbird is all black except for a yellow eye-ring and bill and has a rich, melodious song. It breeds in woods and gardens and is omnivorous, eating insects, earthworms, berries, and fruits.

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Blackbird Facts for Kids

  • They eat insects, fruit, seeds, and grains 
  • Blackbirds can live up to 10-15 years
  • In the winter, blackbirds flock to the south.
  • Blackbirds are monogamous and pair up for life
  • Males have black plumage, blackish-brown legs, yellow eye-rings, and an orange-yellow bill.
  • Females are sooty brown with a yellowish-brown bill, brownish-white throat, and slightly mottled breast

Habits and Lifestyle

The common blackbird lives in woodland, gardens, and parks. It is often replaced by the ring ouzel at higher altitudes.

They are mainly nocturnal and feed on invertebrates in the leaf litter. After running for a short distance, it suddenly stops and turns its head sideways in order to detect its prey, hopping while it digs the ground with its bill in order to

The birds eat the fruit and berries they prefer in trees and shrubs. 

In the summer, these birds will sunbathe while flattened on grass or warm ground, beaks open, heads inclining, wings and tails spread. 

In urban areas where each pair has a limited amount of space, blackbirds are territorial, defending their territory fiercely. Females may fight over nest sites. 

What do blackbirds eat?

Blackbirds are omnivores, which means that they eat both plants and animals. Their diet includes insects, worms, berries, seeds, and other fruits. They will also eat carrion- or dead animal flesh.

Mating Habits

Common blackbirds are monogamous and stay together for life. They breed in spring and can produce three clutches, with the chicks leaving the nest at 13 to 14 days old.


The male defends its breeding territory by chasing away other males or by displaying a “bow and run” threat display. The female is also aggressive in the spring.

The common blackbird’s bill color affects its behavior. The male reacts more aggressively to orange bills.

Despite occupying different areas, they will remain within their territory for the year. The birds migrate in flocks and feed in loose groups at the wintering grounds.

What is a blackbird?

Blackbirds are a type of bird that can be found in North America. Females are light brown, with darker streaks on the breast and yellow eyes.

Males have bright yellow bills and distinctive eye-rings. The term “blackbird” can refer to any species of birds that have black body plumage, such as the American Raven or Old World Sparrows.

What do blackbirds look like?

Blackbird appearance goes beyond black. Males have a glossy combination of black, dark blue, and shimmery green feathers.

They are about eight to ten inches of tail and a full body with a round, thick beak and a long, thick beak. 

Male red-winged blackbirds have a red and yellow patch on their wings. 

On their undersides, the females are a mottled brown and white. The red-winged blackbird measures eight and a half inches.

What is the range of blackbirds?

Blackbirds are a popular bird in the UK and Britain. In 2016, there were approximately 5 million pairs of blackbirds in the UK. Blackbirds can be found in many different parts of the world, including North America, Europe, Asia, and Australia.

How do blackbirds reproduce?

Blackbirds are monogamous birds, meaning they have one mate during their lifetime. The breeding season for blackbirds lasts from March to late July.

After finding a mate, the female builds the nest, usually choosing an area close to the ground with adequate covers, like a bush or small tree. She lays 3-5 eggs and incubates them for about two weeks.

Once hatched, the chicks are fed earthworms or caterpillars and fledge after two weeks. Blackbirds can have up to three broods per year.

The lifespan of a blackbird is usually three years, but it has the potential to live up to 15 years.

What are the predators of blackbirds?

Blackbirds have a variety of predators, including sparrowhawks and ground-based predators, such as domestic cats. 

How long do blackbirds live?

There is no definitive answer to this question as blackbirds can have different lifespans depending on their environment and lifestyle. However, on average, common blackbirds typically live for around three years.

There is no maximum age limit for these birds, and some have been known to live up to 10 – 15 years in the wild.

What is the scientific name for blackbirds?

The scientific name for blackbirds is Turdus merula. This means “thrush of the blackbird.”

What are some interesting facts about blackbirds?

Blackbirds are a common sight in many parts of the world. They’re known for their beautiful song, and they can be identified by their black feathers and bright red eyes.

The female blackbird has a completely different plumage than the male, which is known as sexual dimorphism.

The Blackbird song is perhaps the most beautiful and best-loved of any bird.