in

Brazil Facts for Kids

Brazil Facts for Kids

  • Brazil is a country in South America.
  • Brazil is the Federative Republic of Brazil.
  • It is the largest country in South America and the fifth largest country in the world.
  • The capital of Brazil is Brasilia.
  • It is Brazil’s fourth largest city.
  • The largest city in Brazil is Sao Paolo.
  • Brazil has a total population of more than 210 million people.
  • Brazil is a Democracy.
  • The official language of Brazil is Portuguese.
  • Brazil has a high literacy rate. More than 91% of Brazilians can read and write.
  • Most Brazilians are Christians. Roman Catholics make up 65% of the population.
  • Brazil was claimed by the Portuguese in 1532.
  • Brazil declared independence from Brazil in 1822.
  • Brazil had emperors until it became a Republic in 1889.
  • The current President of Brazil is Michel Temer.
  • Brazil has one of the largest economies in the world.
  • The currency of Brazil is the Real.
  • Brazil has a National Congress and judiciary.
  • Brazil produces a variety of crops.
  • Brazil exports sugarcane, latex, coffee, cocoa beans, cotton, soybeans, rice, and tropical fruits.
  • Rubber made Brazil wealthy in the 18th century.
  • Brazil is South America’s most industrial country. It produces chemicals, steel, aircrafts, and cars.
  • Brazil has a 7,400-kilometer (4,500-mile) coastline along the Atlantic Ocean.
  • It forms a large triangle on the eastern side of South America.
  • Brazil has borders with every South American country except Ecuador and Chile.
  • Brazil has a varied landscape.
  • It is known for its dense forests like the Amazon.
  • The Amazon is the world’s largest jungle and is in the north of Brazil.
  • Brazil also has dry grasslands or pampas.
  • Brazil has rugged hills, pine forests, large wetlands, plateaus, and a long coastal plain.
  • About 60% of the world’s rainforest is in Brazil.
  • Brazil’s Amazon River is the second longest river in the world.
  • Brazil has other big rivers including the Parana and Negro Rivers. The northern and western parts of Brazil are dominated by the Amazon Basin.
  • The Brazilian Highlands are in the south.
  • The highest mountain in Brazil is the Pico de Neblina at 2,994 meters or 9,822 feet.
  • Northern Brazil is dominated by the Amazon River. The Amazon is a network of hundreds of waterways. The Amazon stretches 6,840 kilometers (4,250 miles) in length.
  • Southeastern Brazil is the industrial capital. Brazil’s biggest cities Sao Paolo and Rio de Janeiro are there. 43% of Brazil’s population lives in the southeast.
  • Brazil’s climate is tropical. There is a temperate climate in the southern parts of the country.
  • Brazil has more monkey species than any other country. It has the greatest variety of animals in the world. Brazil has 600 mammal species and 100,000 different types of insects. Brazil has 1,500 species of fish and 1,600 bird species. Brazil’s animals live in its jungles, pampas, and semidesert areas.
  • Most of Brazil’s Atlantic rainforest is gone. The government made many national parks and refuges. They only cover about 7% of the country.
  • Brazil’s name comes from the Brazilwood tree.
  • Brazil is the only country in South America that speaks Portuguese.
  • Brazil is so big that it covers 3 different time zones.
  • Brazil is one of the 77 founding members of the United Nations.
  • Brazil is home to over 2,500 airports.
  • Football or soccer is the most popular sport in Brazil. Brazil’s national team has won the World Cup a record 5 times.
  • Human settlement in Brazil began over 32,000 years ago.
  • Brazil imported between 3 and 4 million African slaves. Many other immigrants came to Brazil from Asia, Europe, and the Middle East. This created a diverse culture. Brazil abolished slavery in 1888.
  • Rio de Janeiro was Brazil’s capital until 1961. The current capital Brasilia is a planned city. It was designed by Oscar Niemeyer. It is the shape of an airplane.
  • The world’s largest population of Catholics lives in Brazil. Catholics make up 64% of the population.
  • The national dish of Brazil is Feijoada. It is a stew of beans with beef and pork.
  • Brazil has the largest number of Japanese people outside of Japan. It has the second-largest black population after Nigeria.
  • The Carnival in Rio de Janeiro is the ‘world’s largest party.’
  • There are 67 tribes in Brazil that live out of contact with modern humans. They are medically advanced. They use health-related plant elixirs.
  • Brazil was the first South American country to host the Olympics in 2016.
  • Brazil is a popular tourist destination. Brazilians enjoy sharing food and drinks. They are very optimistic.