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Bulgaria Facts for Kids

Bulgaria Facts for Kids

  • Bulgaria is a country in southeastern Europe.
  • Bulgaria is the Republic of Bulgaria.
  • The capital of Bulgaria is Sofia.
  • Sofia is the biggest city in Bulgaria.
  • Bulgaria is a member of the European Union and NATO.
  • The President of Bulgaria is Rosen Plevneliev.
  • The Prime Minister of Bulgaria is Boyko Borisov.
  • Bulgaria gained independence from the Ottoman Empire on September 22, 1908.
  • People in Bulgaria are Bulgarians.
  • The total population of Bulgaria is a little more than 7 million.
  • The official language in Bulgaria is Bulgarian.
  • Bulgarian is a Slavic language.
  • It is like Russian and Serbian.
  • Bulgaria is a Parliamentary Democracy.
  • Some Bulgarians speak Turkish and Roma.
  • The main religion in Bulgarian is Bulgarian Orthodox Christian.
  • Bulgaria has Muslims and other types of Christians.
  • Bulgaria is an ancient country. People have been living in Bulgaria for more than 6,000 years. The Ottoman Empire ruled Bulgaria for 500 years.
  • The currency in Bulgaria is the Lev (BGL).
  • Bulgaria is one of the poorest countries in Europe.
  • The major of Bulgaria are clothing, footwear, iron and steel, machinery, and fuel.
  • The imports of Bulgaria are machinery, metals, chemicals and plastics, fuels, minerals, and raw materials.
  • The natural resources of Bulgaria are bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, and arable land. The agricultural products of Bulgaria are vegetables, fruits, tobacco, wine, wheat, barley, sunflowers, sugar, and beets.
  • Bulgaria has borders with Romania, Serbia, the Republic of Macedonia, Greece, and Turkey.
  • It has a border with the Black Sea.
  • Bulgaria is 110,910 square kilometers in total area.
  • Bulgaria is slightly larger than the American state of Tennessee.
  • Bulgaria divides into 28 provinces.
  • The provinces divided into 264 municipalities.
  • Bulgaria is in the Balkans.
  • The terrain in Bulgaria is mountains.
  • There are lowlands in the north and southeast of Bulgaria.
  • The highest point in Bulgaria is Musala at 2,925 meters.
  • The lowest point in Bulgaria is the Black Sea at 0 meters.
  • The climate in Bulgaria is temperate. Bulgaria has hot and dry summers. It has cold and damp winters.
  • Bulgaria is one of the oldest countries in Europe. It predates the Roman Empire.
  • Bulgaria allied with Germany during both World Wars. Bulgaria refused to send Jews to concentration camps during World War II. It saved them instead. It was one of only two countries to save its Jewish population. The other country was Denmark.
  • Bulgaria was invaded by the Soviet Union (USSR). It was a communist country until the early 1990s. The transition to democracy was difficult for Bulgaria.
  • Bulgaria is the only country in Europe to keep its name. Its name is the same as when it was established in 681 AD.
  • Bulgarian is the oldest written Slavic language. It is written in the Cyrillic alphabet.
  • Bulgaria has no official state religion. Bulgarians have freedom of religion. Most Bulgarians are members of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church.
  • The Bulgarian state provides education for all children in primary and secondary schools. Bulgaria’s national literacy rate is over 98%.
  • The food in Bulgaria has strong Greek and Turkish influences. Bulgaria eats less meat than other European countries. It eats more salads.
  • Bulgarian folk music is traditional art. It has no match in Europe. It has a unique extended rhythmical timing. Many traditional Bulgarian instruments are played in the music.
  • Bulgaria’s national instrument is the gaida or bagpipes. Only two other countries use bagpipes in traditional music. They are Ireland and Scotland.
  • Fire dancing is one of the oldest Bulgarian traditions. It is still performed in a few mountain villages. Fire dancers dance with bare feet.
  • The oldest golden treasure in the world was found in Bulgaria. It was found near Varna. It was from the Eneolithic period. It is over 6,000 years old. It is in the Archaeological Museum of Varna.
  • Bulgaria’s capital Sofia is the second oldest city in Europe. It is over 7,000 years old. Sofia has over 250 historical landmarks.
  • Bulgaria celebrates birthdays and ‘Name Days.’ A Name Day is a Saint’s Day. Many Bulgarians are named for Saints. Bulgarians value their name day as much or more than their birthday.
  • Bulgarians celebrate March 1st as the passing of winter. It is Baba Marta. Bulgarians wear Martenitsi bracelets. They are red and white.
  • Bulgaria is a blend of Eastern and Western cultures. It is a beautiful tourist destination. Bulgaria has a lot of history with an urban lifestyle.