Coyotes are the largest members of the dog family. The coyote is an abundant animal in North America, and it has a wide range. THEY were first domesticated by Native Americans, and then they were introduced to Europeans who traded with Native Americans for them.
Coyotes are intelligent animals on the verge of developing intelligence comparable to that of dogs, they have an ear structure similar to dogs in adulthood.
Because of their high level of intelligence, they tend to be very adaptable and they are excellent problem solvers.
Coyote Facts for Kids
- A coyote is a canine native to North America.
- They are sometimes called brush wolves and prairie wolves.
- They are scientifically known as Canis latrans.
- There are 19 subspecies of coyotes recognized today.
- They live between 10-14 Years
- They’re omnivores, so they’ll eat just about anything
Everything You Need To Know About Coyotes
Great At Pest Control
They live in both rural and urban areas and help reduce rodents and other pests. They are expert hunters of rabbits and other rodents and can be helpful to ranchers since rabbits can eat up a large amount of grass. The only problem with this method is that these animals can sometimes attack livestock.
However, there are smart management methods that ensure livestock owners can benefit from them. These dogs will hunt and eat mice, groundhogs, voles, gophers, and prairie dogs out of their land. Bear in mind that they are fast and can jump up to 13 feet in the air, chasing after prey. That means rabbits and other fast rodents cannot escape them.
They Are Fast
These dogs can run at a speed of 70km/h, which means they are faster than a roadrunner. They can easily catch a roadrunner if it does not fly away. They are also able to walk on their tiptoes to avoid detection when they are hunting.
They Expanded Their Range Because Of Human Beings
There are populations of these animals in most parts of the Americas because of human interference. With people cutting down trees and creating prairie-like landscapes, more of these dogs traveled into other parts of the continent.
Bear in mind that before that, their population was kept in check by bears, cougars, and wolves, whose populations were reduced by human beings. That ensured an increase in population among coyotes. They not only live in rural farmland but also in nearly all towns in North America.
Can Breed with Wolves and Dogs
They can mate with wolves to breed hybrids referred to as coywolves and dogs to produce coydogs. Bear in mind the eastern coyotes have both dog and wolf genes. Snow coyotes are a breed of coydogs found in Newfoundland, believed to be from a golden retriever and coyote pairing.
It is, however, not known how the coyotes managed to travel as far as Newfoundland.
They Have Long Lifespans
They can live for up to 14 years in the wild and 20 in captivity. Without disease and with enough food, coyotes can live longer than your dog. That said, they do not make good pets, although they can be easily domesticated.
They Mate For Life
They mate for life and will remain monogamous even when there are many other potential mates. The pair will raise the pups together and ensure that they are well fed. After the puppies become independent, they start another family.
Bear in mind that these dogs are family-centered, unlike wolves who are pack-centered. The pups will find mates of their own and form family units away from their parents. If the male dies, the female will leave the area as soon as the puppies are old enough to fend for themselves.
As mentioned above, these dogs mate for life and take care of their puppies together. These pups are born in a den chosen by the pair. These mammals do not dig their burrows and rely on natural shelters, such as caves or lairs abandoned by other animals.
There are between 3 and 12 puppies in each litter. They are all born blind and are small in size. They are fed in the den, and their parents will use growls to warn them of incoming danger.
They Are Good Swimmers.
They swim to avoid predators such as bears and wolves or human hunters. They can also swim short distances when looking for new hunting grounds or territories.
They Are Very Loud
The scientific name for these dogs is Canis Latrans which means barking dog. Adults have more than 11 vocal tones that they use for different situations depending on whether they are communicating with groups or individuals. To interact with other individuals, they use barking howls, barks, huffs, or woofs. These can be to tell the individuals about approaching danger or threaten them.
When they use these sounds near their homes, they are meant to warn the pups to go deeper inside the shelter to hide from a predator or other threat. Growls are also used to threaten other individuals and are used by puppies when they are playing. Low-pitched whines or yelping are a sign of submission, and the superior animal responds with a high-pitched whine.
A solo howl is a sign that the coyote has been separated from its family, and when followed by group howling, it is a sign that they have been re-united. The dogs can also use group howls to announce their presence in a new area.
These animals are very disease-prone, which with the absence of predators, controls their populations. The most probable reason why they are so disease-prone is their varied diet and habitat. Viral diseases that they can get include hepatitis, distemper, encephalitis, and rabies.
They can also get Tularemia, a bacterial infection that attacks the lungs, lymph nodes, eyes, and skin. It is fatal for the pups. They also get parasitic infections such as fleas, ticks, and mange. Although they rarely get fluke infections, most of those that do, die. That said, lice and mites are not as deadly for these dogs.
Coyote Population Keeps Growing
Male and female coyotes face many life-threatening challenges for their entire lives. 90% of all puppies die in childhood, they are attacked and eaten by predators, and humans are continuously hunting them. For example, in 2017, hunters killed 11,000 coyotes, and that their fur and skin are used to make clothes.
That means many coyotes die by human hand annually. As mentioned above, they are prone to disease, and a large number die from viral and parasitic infections. They are, however, still growing in number and spreading to every part of the Americas.
They are Omnivorous
Unlike other animals in the dog family, they not only eat meat, but they also eat berries and fruits that they can reach. These dogs can kill porcupines which other animals avoid because of their sharp spines. They also attack and kill rattlesnakes and sometimes go through the garbage looking for food.
The pack will work together to take down larger animals.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are some cool facts about coyotes
They are the most common land-based predator in the United States.
A have a long bushy tail is used to keep its balance while running.
Their fangs and jaws are only about an inch and a half (4 centimeters) long, but they’re enough to do some serious damage.
What do Coyotes mainly eat
They mainly feed on small mammals (such as rabbits, chipmunks, and squirrels), birds, reptiles (such as lizards), and amphibians. They also feed on fruits, berries, and vegetation.
What animals are coyotes afraid of
They typically fear large animals such as wolves, mountain lions, or bears.
How long does a coyote live
A coyote’s average lifespan is 14 years in the wild.
Can Coyotes swim
Yes, they can. They are able to swim and hunt in the water, but it’s best to avoid any lakes or streams as the water levels can fluctuate dramatically.
Do coyotes kill for fun
If they are about to be attacked by a predator they howl to warn other coyotes of danger. If it’s really dangerous, they might even try to lure their predator away from their pups. Coyotes do not kill just for the sake of killing.
What animal eats a coyote
They are very intelligent animals that have good survival instincts. They are commonly eaten by bears, cougars, wolves, mountain lions, and other coyotes. Dogs and eagles are also opportunistic predators against coyote pups.
Why do coyotes scream at night
It is not uncommon for them to make noise at night. This can be a territorial claim or simply an announce of their presence in the area. If they have made a kill, they will often howl to scare away potential threats while they eat and share their bounty with other pack members.
Can you eat a coyote
Sometimes they are killed for their fur by some people and for their meat by others.
Do Coyotes run with their tails down
They do not have a habit of running with their tails down.
What is the natural predator of a coyote
Their natural predators are wolves, cougars, mountain lions, canines, eagles and humans.
Can a coyote breed with a dog
Coyotes and dogs are related species, so they can mate with each other easily. The offspring of a coyote and a dog is called a coydog
What are coyote babies called
They normally produce litters of 4-6 pups. In some parts of the country. They are called Pups
Do bears eat coyotes
Bears have been known to eat them, but it’s not their favorite meal.