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Equatorial Guinea Facts for Kids

Equatorial Guinea Facts for Kids

  • Formally Equatorial Guinea is known as the Republic of Equatorial Guinea.
  • This country is found on the west of the Central part of Africa.
  • Equatorial Guinea is made up of the mainland part and the insular which is made up of the islands of Bioko and Annobon.
  • The mainland part of Equatorial Guinea which is known as Rio Muni neighbors Cameroon on its northern corner.
  • On its southern and eastern sides Equatorial Guinea is bordered by Gabon.
  • This country is among the leading producer of oil in the region of Sub-Saharan Africa. However only a small percent of the residents of this country have benefited from the oil resources.
  • The capital city of Equatorial Guinea is Malabo.
  • Malabo is the only capital city on earth which is not located on the mainland of a non-island country. However they have a city on the mainland Bata city which operates as their economic center.
  • Equatorial Guinea is constructing a new capital city Oyala which is anticipated to be complete by 2020.
  • The highest mountain in Equatorial Guinea is Pico Basile which has a height of 3,011 meters.
  • Other mountains located in this country are; Pico Biao (2,009 m), Pico Quioveo (598 m), Pico Lago (525 m), Pico Do Fogo (435 m) and Quepuchin (228 m) among others.
  • The longest river in Equatorial Guinea is Benito River.
  • Other rivers found in this country are Campo River, Komo River and Muni River among others.
  • There are different conflicting figures with regard to the total number of people living in Equatorial Guinea. As per 2013 the total population was estimated to be approximately 757,014 people. However the results of the census conducted in 2015 indicated that the total number of people living in this country is about 1.2 million.
  • The life expectancy of individuals is about 54 years.
  • The population density in this country is 24.1 per square kilometer which is equivalent to 62.4 per square miles.
  • The climatic condition of Equatorial Guinea is usually warm, steamy and moist with small changes in the temperature.
  • The landscape of Equatorial Guinea has big seaside plains with beautiful sandy shorelines.
  • Politically, the president is the head of the government in Equatorial Guinea. Their current president has served since 1979 with his son as the vice president.
  • The most common religion followed in Equatorial Guinea is Christianity, whereby about 93 percent of the residents are Christians with the Catholics being the majority, making up about 87 percent of the Christians.
  • Protestants comprise about 5 percent while only 2 percent are Muslims.
  • The other remaining 5 percent is shared among Animism, Baha’i Faith among other doctrines.
  • The official languages used in Equatorial Guinea are Spanish, Portuguese and French whereby Spanish is the most spoken language.
  • Other languages used in this country are Fang, Bube, Combe, Pidgin, English, Creole, Annobonese, Igbo and German among others.
  • Equatorial Guinea is the homeland of the biggest frog in the world. This frog is known as the Goliath frog and has a maximum length of 32 cm with a maximum weight of 3.25 kilograms.
  • Equatorial Guinea covers a total area of 28,050 square kilometers which is equivalent to 10, 830 square miles making it the 141st largest country on earth in terms of land coverage. The coastal region of Equatorial Guinea has a total length of approximately 184 miles (296 kilometers). However the percent covered by the water bodies in this country negligible.
  • Equatorial Guinea has a protected region which comprises of three national parks. This protected region covers a total area of 5,330 square kilometers (3,310 square miles) which is approximately 19 percent of the total land of this country.
  • Equatorial Guinea was colonized by the Spaniards but gained their independence on 12th October of 1968 after 10 years of colonization.
  • Equatorial Guinea is divided into seven province s which are namely Litoral Province (Bata), Wele-Nzas Province (Mongomo), Kie-Ntem province (Ebebiyin), Centro Sur Province (Eyinayong), Bioko Sur Province (Luba), Bioko Norte Province (Malabo) and Annobon Province (San Antonio de Pale). These provinces are further sub-divided into districts.
  • The ethnic composition of Equatorial Guinea in 1994 was as follows: the Fang were the majority making up 85.7 percent of the entire population, the Bubi were the second with 6.5 percent followed by Mdowe 3.6 percent, Annobon 1.6 percent, Bujeba 1.1 percent and lastly the others who included the Spanish had 1.4 percent.