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Eritrea Facts for Kids

Eritrea Facts for Kids

  • Eritrea is a small country located in Africa.
  • Eritrea is on the northeast corner of the shore of the Red Sea.
  • On its western side, Eritrea neighbors Sudan while on its southern corner it borders Ethiopia.
  • Eritrea borders Djibouti on its southeast side.
  • Eritrea is unique since some of the best architectural structures in the universe that were constructed during the colonial period are located in this country.
  • The country is usually regarded as Italy in Africa.
  • The currency used in Eritrea Eritrean nakfa.
  • Eritrea has a lot of interesting mysteries which are still undiscovered.
  • Eritrea’s capital city is Asmara.
  • Asmara is also referred to as the New Rome or Italy’s African City because of its projects a unique Italian trace.
  • The word Asmara means “made the united” according to the Tigriyan language from which it is derived from.
  • Asmara covers a total area of 4,694 square miles with the total population estimated to be about 804,000 people.
  • The longest river in Eritrea is the Tekeze River which covers a total distance of 608 km.
  • Other rivers found in Eritrea are; Mareb River, Obel River, Barka River, Anseba River among others.
  • There are many different languages which are spoken in Eritrea. However, there is no specific language which has been established in the constitution as the national language. This is because the constitution recognizes all languages as equal.
  • Tigrinya is the most common language in Eritrea. Other languages spoken in Eritrea are Arabic, English, Saho, Bilen and Tigre among others.
  • The largest mountain in Eritrea is Mount Emba Soira, whose height is estimated to be approximately 3,018 meters (9,902 ft.) above sea level.
  • The lowest point in Eritrea is known as the Denakil Depression and is known to be among the Earth’s hottest destinations.
  • According to the study conducted by the World Bank in 2011 Eritrea’s population is approximated to be 4.475 million people. But as per 1st January 2017 the population was estimated to be about 5,393,998 individuals.
  • Eritrea’s water is a residential area for many living creatures. About 14,000 species of fish have their homes in the water bodies found in Eritrea, whereby 14 percent of these fish have not been discovered in any other water bodies in the world.
  • The shoreline of the Red Sea located in Eritrea is also an ideal tourist attraction site since it contains warm waters which is good for sporting activities.
  • The most common types of fish found in the water bodies located in Eritrea are; Lake Abaeded fish, cyprinid Garra fish, Gobius fish and tilefish among others.
  • Some of the oldest cities in Africa are in Eritrea, for example, the Port city of Adulis which is among the African ancient cities.
  • Some experts refer to Eritrea as the Cradle of the universe since some of the oldest human fossils on earth have been discovered here.
  • Eritrea is ranked second after Egypt in terms of ancient discoveries of human activities. The number of discovered sites where human activities took place in the past is currently at 80,000.
  • The common religions in Eritrea are Christianity and Islam, whereby Christianity is common in Asmara while Islam is common in the shore region and lowlands of Eritrea.
  • Politically, the president is the head of the government in Eritrea, but Eritrea has had only one president since independence who’s named is Isaias Afwerki.  Eritrea is a country where elections are always planned but none has ever happened.
  • Eritrea covers a total area which is estimated to be approximately 117,600 square km which is equivalent to 45,400 square miles making it to be the 99th largest nation on earth in terms of land coverage. The shoreline of Eritrea has a length of 2,234 km (1,338 miles).
  • Eritrea experiences varying climatic conditions. Asmara has an enjoyable climatic condition with a mean temperature of 16 degrees and an annual rainfall of 508 mm.
  • Eritrea split from Ethiopia in 1962 as a province which marked the onset of struggle for independence. By 1990 women had joined the Eritrean freedom fighters increasing their number to 40 percent of all the freedom fighters. This made the Eritrean People’s Liberation Front to record the highest percentage of women freedom fighters than any other liberation movement in the world.
  • Eritrea is the first country on Earth to conserve a shoreline as a reserve. The group of islands known as the Dahlak is usually considered as a world-renowned for their good production of pearls and for the fact that they are widely unoccupied.