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France Facts

France is the largest country within Western Europe and is the leading country within the EU (European Union) for food exports.

France is an example of excellence with one-third of the land as a scenic wealth and environmental source and over half of the land in France used for cultivation.

There are a variety of temperatures and weather conditions including cool and humid in the north with the southern area as warm and dry.

The south is bordered with mountain ranges including the Pyrenees, Alps, and Massif Central. Known for its wines, France has one of the most favorable growing conditions for grapes and is the largest wine producer in the world.

Fun Facts about France:

Population: 60,742,000 people
Capital City: Paris, 9,854,000 people
Language: French
Religion: Roman Catholic
Currency: Euro
Literacy Percentage: 99
Area: 210,026 sq mi. (543,965 sq km)
Life Epectancy: 79 years

History Facts:

  • 50,000 years ago, the country of France was known as ‘Gaul’.
  • In the first century BCE, the Romans conquered Gaul and the people adopted the culture and language of Rome.
  • The French language is a derivative of Latin.
  • By 400 AD, Germanic tribes began to enter and settle in Gaul. The tribes were called ‘Franks’, which is where France got its name.

Starting with the year 843 and the Treat of Verdun, the country was created with borders and called Western Francia. The country was ruled by many of the noble families until they established a monarchy (royal family).

Monarchies ruled France, taxing the people so that the royal families and nobles were very rich and most of the French people lived in poverty.

By 1789 the people of France revolted against the monarchy, when the Queen, Marie Antoinette, answered the question as to the fact that the people were starving due to the taxation with her comment “Let them eat cake”. The revolution overthrew the royal family and stormed the Bastille Prison to release all of the prisoners, many of which were sent there because they couldn’t pay the high taxes. July 14, 1789 became the day of liberation for the French and is celebrated to this day as “Bastille Day”.

For ten years, France enjoyed more of a democracy style government until Napoleon Bonaparte. He increased his power in the government until he seized full control and announced that he was the new French Emperor.

Napoleon made the decision that he wanted to conquer large portions of Europe and led several successful wars. He finally suffered a great loss at the Battle of Waterloo. Napoleon was eventually prosecuted and exiled out of France.

The physical location of France is such that they are the perfect target for any of the wars that are held by countries that are around them. Although France was on the winning side during World War I, they suffered great losses.

During World War II the German Nazi’s invaded France and took over. The French had a huge ‘French Underground’ that was made up of volunteers and French people that fought against the Germans through undermining their efforts and working with the European and American allies.

Through a mutual effort between the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom, France was liberated from the German Nazis in 1944.

A democratic government was established with Presidential elections voted by the people.

France Facts for Kids

  • France was one of the countries that led the push for the establishment of the European Union ‘EU’ monetary system.
  • France enjoys the status of being the most visited country in the world.
  • The government of France provides five paid weeks of vacation per year and a 35-hour workweek.
  • France has established the world’s densest national road network with its high-speed train (called TGV) running at 167 mph (270 kph).
  • Paris has established itself as a cultural, fashion, political, and business center of the world.

Exports/Import Facts:

Industries in France include high tech, telecommunications, aerospace, and biotechnology.

The high-tech complex of Sophia Antipolis attracts European scientists year-round. Additional industries include aircraft, chemical, textile, electronics, machinery, automobiles and metallurgy.

The excellent temperature and agriculture of France allow them to grow grapes, wheat, potatoes, cereals, and sugar beets as well as raising beef and good fishing industry.

France exports aircraft, machinery, and transportation equipment, chemicals, food, pharmaceuticals, and plastics.