Himalayas Facts

The Himalayas have captivated the attention of people all over the world for centuries. The mountains are believed to be one of the most remarkable sites in the world, and a visit to these awe-inspiring peaks is an incredible experience.

Located on the south-eastern edge of Asia, it is home to several different cultures that include Hindus living in Nepal and Tibetans living in eastern Tibet.

In addition to being on India’s northern border, they also stretch across six countries in Asia, including Afghanistan, India, China, Bhutan, Pakistan, and Nepal.

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Himalayas Facts for kids

  • The Himalayas are mountains in South Asia
  • 9 of Earth’s ten highest peaks are Himalayan
  • This mountain range covers more than 380,292 square miles.
  • Only a few people live in the highest parts of the Himalayas
  • Mount Everest is the highest peak at 29,029 meters above sea level

Formation of the Himalayas

They are the youngest major mountain system in the world.

They are a result of tectonic forces sustained by both continental collision and subduction.

They form a natural border between India, China, and Nepal. The area that is now the Himalayas used to be a plate boundary area, but it was no longer that active. But we do see movement at times.

In fact, they are part of the Indian Plate. The Indian tectonic plate sub-divides into two major parts – the Eurasian Plate and the Indian Plate. The Himalayan mountain system is the result of the Indian Plate’s collision with Eurasia.

The northward movement of India into Asia is creating a mountain range that extends from Afghanistan to Myanmar (Burma) and Nepal. This collision started approximately 50 million years ago, and it continues today.

In response to this, the area is rising by approximately 5 mm per year, thereby making them potentially geologically active.

Shifting of the Indian Plate causes earthquakes in Asia from time to time.


Wild Yak

The mountain chain is home to a diversity of wildlife. The region is often characterized by its high altitude and cool temperatures. These conditions result in a unique alpine landscape that supports a variety of plant life and animal life.

The region is home to hundreds of different species of plants and animals, including the snow leopard, the Asian black bear, and the Kashmir stag.

Other animals include lynxes, Himalayan black bears, red foxes, and brown bears. Birds include the griffon vulture, the snow goose, and the lammergeier (bearded vulture).

Oak, Pine, Fir, Rhododendron, Birch, Juniper, and Deodar are some of the common types of trees, which are abundant throughout the region.

The combination of diverse climatic zones and environmental conditions has enabled a range of plant communities to flourish in this area.

Most of the plant species in the Himalayas are adapted to living in sub-alpine and alpine environments. The most common vegetation type found is grassland, which is key in maintaining healthy ecosystems. It offers water absorption, soil formation, and protection against floods.

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The five main important rivers are the Chenab, the Ravi, the Beas, and the Satluj rivers. These rivers together are the main sources of food and water for the people and animals developing in the surrounding areas.

The word Himalaya actually means a place of snow.’

The summit of Mount Everest and its surrounding mountains are covered in snow, and it never melts.

The area contain 30 mountains. They are also home to nine of the highest peaks in the world.

It covers more than 1,500 miles of the Indian interior and Pakistan.

The Himalayas collectively cover 0.4% of the Earth’s surface.

The area is prone to dramatic weather changes. In winter, heavy snow can make travel impossible. In the monsoon season, landslides and flooding can devastating results. Earthquakes can also be a concern.

Frequently Asked Questions

How old are the Himalayas

They are more than 100 million years old.

How did the Himalayas get their name

The word Himalaya is a Sanskrit word that means “Home of Snow.” The mountains were named after ancient Indian people who lived in the area.

Why are the Himalayas so special

They are are one of the world’s most sacred sites and the source of many rivers. Mount Everest is the tallest mountain in Asia and was first climbed by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay in 1953. The Himalayas are known as the “third pole” of the Earth and are home to many endangered species that are found nowhere else on Earth.

How tall is the Himalayas

It contains one of the tallest mountain ranges in the world, with their peaks exceeding 25,000 feet (7,600 meters).

Is Mount Everest an extinct volcano

Mount Everest, the world’s tallest mountain, is a large mountain or mass of snow, ice, and Earth. It is not an extinct volcano.

Was Himalayas ever underwater

Yes, they were once underwater n an ocean called the Tethys Ocean. The Tethys Ocean is a former ocean that occupied the space now occupied by the Indian and Andaman Islands, as well as the Himalayas mountain range.

Who lives on the Himalayas

The area is home to a variety of communities that have developed over the centuries using the mountain range’s resources for everything from their food to their natural medicines. They are some of the most remote and beautiful communities in the world.

Which country has the most Himalayas

India has most of the Himalayas.

What are the three ranges of the Himalayas

The three ranges are the Karakoram, the Shan, and the Hindu Kush.

Do humans live in the Himalayas

There are some areas that are inhabited by people, but much of the region is remote.

How many people live in the Himalayas

Unfortunately, it is impossible to give a precise answer to this, as the mountain range is so large. We can estimate, however, that there are somewhere between 57-58 million people living in the region spread across five countries: Bhutan, China, India, Nepal, and Pakistan.

Why are the Himalayas so high

The Himalayas is a word derived from Sanskrit words “Him” (snow) and “Alaya” (abode). The snow-covered mountain range that spans India, Nepal, and other South Asian countries is the highest mountain range in the world.

The height of the Himalayas is approximately 4,000 meters (13,120 feet) from sea level, with their tallest peak Mount Everest standing at 8,848 meters (29,029 feet) above sea level.

Why are the Himalayas important to Asia

They are important to Asia for multiple reasons.

First of all, the mountains are a source of major rivers that flow down from the peaks and provide water in general to the lower lands. This is done by keeping rain clouds and snow from reaching these areas, which provides a more arid climate.

Second, it is a place where snow stays year-round on the peaks providing drinking water in areas that face drought conditions during certain seasons of the year, like summer.

Thirdly, it has some of Asia’s tallest mountain peaks, so it provides a beautiful backdrop for many Asian countries at night when they can be seen at dusk or dawn with their rugged topography carved by glaciers which makes them look incredible against an evening sky.

What do the Chinese call Himalayas

The Chinese call them Chang Tang.

What is the climate of the Himalayas

The climatic conditions can vary depending on altitudes. The western side of the Himalayas has a subtropical climate and is largely dry, while the eastern side, including Nepal, has a monsoon climate.

What are the Himalayas famous for

Some of the most common things that people know about are the highest mountain peaks in the world, major rivers that flow down from these peaks, and providing water for lower lands by preventing rain and snow from reaching these areas.


The region is magnificent and beautiful natural wonders. They provide a variety of opportunities for wondrous exploration, photography, skiing, hiking, and camping. The rich biodiversity of the region is also worth exploring.

The foothills of the Himalayas have some unique and exotic flowers. The region is also famous for fragrant flowers like roses, orchids, jasmine, muguet, and marigold.