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India Facts for Kids

India is also known as the Republic of India, it is located on the southern side of Asia retrained by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, and the Arabian Ocean on the southwest.

The country is bordered by Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east, Pakistan to the west, and Nepal, Bhutan, and China to the northeast.

India Facts for Kids

  • The country’s total land area is 3,287,263 sq km (1,269,219 sq miles)
  • The capital city is called New Delhi and the largest city in the country is Mumbai, this makes India the world’s 7th largest country.
  • The total population of the country is 1,324,171,352 (est. in 2016).
  • The official language is Hindi while the English language is spoken by a lot of the people, actually India has the second-largest English speakers in the world with 125,226,449 people speaking English.
  • The country gained independence from the United Kingdom on August 15 1947.
  • The national anthem is “Jana Gana Mana” with the national song called “Vande Mataram” (I bow to thee, Mother).
  • The national flower is the Indian lotus.
  • The national bird is the peacock with the national fruit being mango.
  • The national motto is “Satyameva Jayate” (Truth alone Triumphs).
  • The people of India are called Indians with the major religion being Hinduism with Islam being the second most recognized religion.
  • The currency used is called the Indian rupee () (INR).
  • The natural resources of the country include zinc, iron ore, forest, copper, ilmenite, garnet group, pyrophyllite, marble, chromite, thorium, wollastonite, sillimanite group, oil, and natural gas.
  • The major industries are food processing, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, machinery, steel, transportation equipment, cement, textiles, software and petroleum.
  • The country makes $303.4 billion (est. in 2017) from the exportation of Manufacturers, Agricultural, Mining and Fuels while it spends $465.6 billion (est. in 2017) on the importation of Mining, Agricultural, Manufacturers and Fuels with others.
  • The oldest, largest and continuous civilization in the world is the Indus valley civilization which is India. In an earlier time, the river Indus is a valley which people settled in. India is also one of the world’s largest democracies.
  • The world’s first-ever university “Takshila” was started around 700 B.C in India.
  • India was considered the richest country in the world until the 18th century
  • There are more than 150,000 post offices in India, which is three times the size of that of china; making it the largest postal system in the world.
  • 300,000 active mosques exist in India; this is more than any other country in the world including the Islamic countries.
  • India has the second-largest number of engineers and scientists. India is the only other country apart from U.S and Japan to build a supercomputer indigenously. The country’s railway is the largest employer in the world, employing more than 1 million people.
  • Despise the budget limitation; one of the top 5 space programs in the world is the space program of India, also the first country to notice water on the moon was India; the honor went to the first moon satellite chandrayaan-1 of India.
  • India in 100 B.C. was where the place value system and decimal system were developed. Aryabhatta was a mathematician from India who invented “Zero” in the numerical system. India is the birthplace of Algebra, calculus, and Trigonometry.
  • A poet by the name saint Gyandev actually invented the game snakes and ladders in the 13th century. The basic design of the game was with the concept that you can get to heaven through good deeds and you go to hell with bad deeds. The virtues were represented by the ladders and the vices were indicated by the snakes.
  • Shakuntala Devi is a math prodigy who can calculate 7,686,369,774,870 × 2,465,099,745,779 and give the answer in 28 seconds tops. She is called the human Calculator.
  •  The largest buyer of gold is India and the biggest gold reserve is held by the United State.
  • Khari Baoli in New Delhi has the largest wholesale spice market of Asia.
  • The Indian currency “Repee” cannot be carried outside the country as it is considered illegal to do so.
  • The Taj Mahal in India is one of the sever wonders of the world.
  • The world’s biggest family lives in India. The family includes 33 grandchildren, 94 children, 39 wives which all live in the hills of baktwang village in a 100 room, four-story house in the Indian state of Mizoram.