Moon Facts

The Moon has been a source of fascination and wonder for centuries. Its beauty and mystique captivate people all around the globe.

It has to potential to be a powerful force, inspiring poetic musings and creative explorations.

Its mysterious cycles and rhythms have energized many generations in its everlasting dance.

The Moon is more than just an orbiting celestial body – it’s the source of inspiration for mortals everywhere.

The Moon is an endlessly fascinating enigma, lighting up our night sky with dreams, revelations, and infinite possibilities.

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Moon Facts for kids

  • The Moon is Earth’s only natural satellite.
  • The Moon is about 238,855 miles from Earth.
  • The Moon is about 1/4 the size of Earth.
  • Its surface is rocky and dusty.
  • The Moon has no atmosphere or water.
  • The Moon’s phases are caused by its orbit around Earth.
  • The Moon’s gravity is about 1/6 of Earth’s.

Essential Information

  • The Moon is a big rock that orbits around Earth and is about 238,855 miles away.
  • It’s about 1/4 the size of Earth and takes 27 days to orbit around Earth.
  • The Moon has a near side that we can see and a far side that we can’t see.
  • The Moon’s tallest mountain is about half the size of the tallest mountain on Earth.
  • We only get to see about 60% of the Moon’s surface because it takes the same amount of time for it to rotate on its axis as it takes to orbit Earth.
  • The far side of the Moon is called the dark side.
  • Russia sent an unmanned spacecraft to the Moon in 1966, and then the U.S. sent a manned spacecraft in 1969.
  • Neil Armstrong was the first person to walk on the Moon.
  • The far side of the Moon looks different because it doesn’t have ancient lava pools called maria.
  • The Moon’s surface has big craters from things crashing into it, and it causes the tides on Earth because of its gravitational pull.

Our Moon is the second brightest thing in the night sky after the Sun. Our only natural satellite, it holds a special place in our galaxy. In 1959, Luna 2 became the first manmade object to visit an extraterrestrial body when it made contact with the Moon.

Thirteen years later, America took history one step further and sent a crew to be the first humans on any celestial object in space.

Numerous samples have been acquired from the Moon and are constantly under review by researchers and scientists. Clementine was another spacecraft that mapped vast regions of the Moon’s surface back in 1994.

This data allows us to delve deeper into the understanding of Earth’s natural satellites and continue our exploration into outer space.

Lunar Surface

The Moon is an icy, silent witness to our universe. Its vast craters attest to its ancient age and capture the Sun’s rays with a brilliance that can mesmerize us from across the night sky. But beneath its cool, distant persona lies a far more dynamic world.

Two distinct terrains can be seen on the Moon – one which is rugged and heavily cratered, made up of some of the oldest surfaces in the solar system, and another that is smooth, younger, and known as “maria.” Made up of dark patches and patterns, it’s hard to believe that billions of years ago, this area was once filled with molten lava seeping through its pores.

This proves that although our Moon appears static today, millions of years ago, it was a much more volatile place. It suggests that while it isn’t geologically active today, the Moon’s surface underwent dramatic shifts in its history — changes which have now been frozen in time.

These two terrains are like pages from a book – each capturing a unique moment in time that serves as a reminder that nothing is truly everlasting or unchanging. They open us up to new possibilities beyond what we see with our own eyes — captivating us every single day with their stories from billions of years ago.

Misconceptions About The Moon

The Moon doesn’t have a dark side. It’s all illuminated by the Sun. The perception of moon phases – from a thin crescent to a full disk – is due to Earth’s vantage point.

What we observe as one side or phase varies as the Moon orbits our planet, and from different angles, we see different parts lit up.

From our direction here on Earth, there is only one face of the Moon that appears viewable to us. But there are no true “dark sides,” as all its surface is lit up by the Sun at some point in its orbit around our world.

That face we don’t see is actually known as the “far” side. This description more accurately conveys what is really occurring.

No matter where or when you look at it, the Moon will always be reflecting light from the Sun throughout its orbit cycle. Our nighttime sky companion shines because sunlight bounces off its craters and seas onto the planet.

Earth, and while it may seem like they come and go in mysterious ways, everything’s explanation lies close within reach of space exploration!

Additional Characteristics of the Moon

The Moon is a barren landscape with almost no atmosphere. Its gravity is one-sixth of the Earth’s, making it a weaker force. Although its environment does not support liquids, there is some frozen water hidden in certain craters near its poles. The gravitational pull between the Earth and Moon drives ocean tides on our planet. The volcanoes that you’ll find on the Moon have been inactive for years.

On the surface of the Moon, its stark terrain stands out from that of Earth. It has no evidence of life or topographical features such as rivers and valleys, which are common on our planet. But despite this, the habitable area on the Moon gives scientists hope of furthering their research into other planets than just ours.

The fact that we’ve been able to explore our nearby celestial body has given us a great advantage and various scientific breakthroughs. We’ve discovered secrets that were once unknown to us by studying lunar terrain and examining rock samples collected while astronauts were traveling there in person over 50 years ago.

It’s thanks to this information that we’re now able to predict how other planets may be similar or different than ours – even bring back perspective about our own environment itself. What questions will discover more about planetary geology prompt? What would be possible if people took residence there?

Due to uncovering these mysteries, outer space exploration is more alive today than ever before – including potential plans to colonize Mars within 10 years – but it all started with understanding what can be found and learned from visiting (and studying) our closest neighbor – The Moon!