Murray River Facts

The Murray River is Australia’s longest river at 2,508 km (1,558 mi) extent. It has five tributaries, including Australia’s next six longest rivers.

It rises in the Australian Alps, flows through the inland plains, forms the border between New South Wales and Victoria, and then flows through Hindmarsh Island and Mundoo Island before emptying into the Great Australian Bight.

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Murray River Facts for Kids

  • The River Murray is Australia’s longest river, measuring 2,508 kilometers
  • Third longest navigable river in the world after the Amazon River and Nile River
  • Hamilton Hume and William Hovell discovered this river in 1824
  • The river crosses three states: New South Wales, Victoria, and South Australia
  • This river has four major dams, 16 storage weirs, and 15 locks
  • Murray cod, Australia’s largest freshwater fish, weighing 5-22kg, lives in this river

What is the Murray River?

The Murray River is a river located in the southeastern part of Australia. It flows through three states: Victoria, New South Wales, and South Australia.

The Murray River is the longest river in Australia, and it originates from the Australian Alps.

It flows through many towns before emptying into the ocean at its mouth near Adelaide in South Australia.

Where is the Murray River located?

One of the world’s longest navigable rivers, the Murray River stretches 2,700 km from the Great Dividing Range in north-eastern Victoria to Adelaide in South Australia.

What is the history of the Murray River?

The Murray River was named by Captain Charles Sturt in 1830 after the then British Secretary of State for War and the Colonies, Sir George Murray.

The first three settlers on the Murray River were James Collins Hawker, Edward John Eyre, and E.B. Scott.

Charles Gavan Duffy founded Carlyle Township in 1858 and named streets after his friends Thomas Carlyle and John Stuart Mill.

The Government Zoologist William Blandowski and Gerard Krefft explored the lower reaches of the Murray and Darling rivers in 1858.

River transport

The Murray River supported a substantial commercial trade in the 19th century using shallow-draft paddle steamers. The railway reached Echuca in 1864, and the woolclip from the Riverina was transported via river to Melbourne.

The Murray River was plagued by “snags” (fallen trees) and was cleared of them by steam-driven winches. Dead gum trees were placed back into the river to provide a habitat for fish.

The Murray River was Victoria’s second port and had thirty steamers and a similar number of barges working it in season. However, rail and later road transport replaced river transport.

Today, most traffic on the river is recreational. There are several historic paddle steamers and newer boats offering cruises.

What are the physical characteristics of the Murray River?

It rises on The Pilot near Mount Kosciuszko in southeastern New South Wales and flows through Hume Reservoir before flowing through Lake Alexandrina to Encounter Bay.

It flows through mountainous terrain for most of its course through South Australia. It has several tributaries.

It has cliffs 100 feet high on either side of it, which are 1/3rd the height of the surrounding land. The Murray River is also prone to flooding.

What is the ecology of the Murray River?

The ecology of this river is highly unpredictable, and it can be difficult to predict how different factors will affect the river’s ecosystem.

One thing that is known for sure is that the Murray River is a vital source of water for many towns and cities along its route. It also provides important habitat for a variety of plant and animal species. 

Animals found in the Murray Darling Basin include

  • Koalas
  • Platypus
  • Eastern quolls
  • Sugar gliders
  • Brush-tailed rock wallabies
  • Common ringtail possums
  • Red kangaroos
  • Eastern grey kangaroos

What are the human uses of the Murray River?

The Murray River is an important part of the Australian landscape. It flows through three states–Victoria, New South Wales, and South Australia.

The river also flows through a wide range of towns and cities before reaching the sea.

Irrigation and hydroelectric power generation are two important human uses of the Murray River.

The water from the river is used to irrigate crops in rural areas, and hydroelectric power stations generate electricity by using the gravitational force of the water flowing down the river.

It is also a source of drinking water for many communities along its path. In addition, people use the river for recreational activities such as fishing, swimming, and boating.

Finally, the mouth of the Murray River is an important habitat for marine life.

What are the threats to the Murray River?

It faces many threats to its health and well-being, such as:

  • Bushfires
  • Climate change
  • Large scale tree planting
  • Farm dams
  • Irrigation management
  • Groundwater extraction

Climate change, water pollution, drought, and more are all major issues that can impact the Murray River’s health. These problems can lead to a decline in aquatic life populations, an increase in invasive species, and more.

Invasive fish have led to ecosystem disruption, which threatens natural resources such as water availability for irrigation and other needs.

The Murray River is considered a vital resource for industry and its surrounding regions; any decline in its health would be significant.

Fortunately, the Murray River has recovered from many threats in the past and continues to thrive today.

Wildlife is also a threat to the river’s health, but concerted efforts by government agencies and others seem to be making headway on this front as well.

What are the conservation efforts for the Murray River?

Water conservation is a major concern for the river. 36% of the water that enters the river at its source leaves it when it reaches its mouth.

The remaining 64% goes into Lake Alexandrina. This makes it difficult to maintain the level of the lake and keep up with the demand for water from various sources.

There are a number of conservation efforts underway to help preserve the river. These include reducing water usage, restoring wetlands, and managing weeds and pests.

What are the recreation opportunities on the Murray River?

It’s a popular destination for recreation and fishing. There are many opportunities to enjoy the river, including camping, fishing, swimming, and boating.

It offers plenty of opportunities for recreation, including camping, fishing, swimming, and boating.

Whether you’re looking to spend a day out on the water or an evening under the stars, you’ll find what you’re looking for along the Murray River.

Fish found in the river include: 

  • Australian Smelt
  • Blackfish
  • Bony Bream
  • Carp
  • Flat-Headed Gudgeon
  • Freshwater Catfish
  • Golden Perch
  • Goldfish
  • Mosquitofish
  • Murray Cod
  • Murray Hardyhead
  • Oriental Weatherloach
  • Redfin
  • Silver Perch
  • Southern Pygmy Perch
  • Trout Cod
  • Western Carp Gudgeon

What are some interesting facts about the Murray River?

The mouth of the Murray River is small, even though it discharges a lot of water. In fact, 58% of natural flow was received by the Murray River system in 2010!

The river is crucial for three separate states in Australia: Victoria, New South Wales, and South Australia. It’s considered a lifeline by many people living in its watershed area.

There are around 100 lakes within the Murray River Watershed–the reservoir of Lake Hume is called Lake Hume. Lower-lake barrages store lower Murray Basin’s water, which flows into the upper Murray Basin to create a Coorong that covers around 2,000 square km (772 square miles).

The Murray River also has many lower lakes, which fluctuate on a yearly basis.

Five of these barrages:

  • Goolwa Barrage,
  • Mundoo Barrage,
  • Boundary Creek Barrage,
  • Ewe Island
  • Tauwitchere Barrage