Ostrich Facts

Mysterious and majestic ostriches are the world’s largest birds. They stand taller than any human and can outrun nearly any predator. But what else is there to know about these fascinating creatures?

Adapted to a desert-dwelling lifestyle, ostriches show remarkable natural resilience and strength. Their thick muscular legs can carry them up to 43 miles per hour, outstripping most predators.

Additionally, their long ostrich necks are surprisingly flexible: they can bend down to scrape at the desert floor or reach up high enough to spot food from distances of two miles away. The tough leathery skin that coats the ostrich body serves as armor against sunburns and abrasions too.

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Ostrich Facts for Kids

  • The ostrich is the world’s largest bird.
  • The ostrich has three stomachs.
  • They can sprint over 70 km/hr 
  • In the wild, ostriches can live up to 50 years.
  • They have tiny brains.
  • The ostrich has powerful legs and clawed toes. 
  • Ostriches are warm-blooded birds.
  • They can grow to be 9 feet tall and weigh 350 pounds.
  • Ostriches have the largest eyes of any land animal.

Physical Adaptations of Ostriches

Ostriches have remarkable adaptations that ensure their survival in hostile environments. Their muscular legs are a force to be reckoned with, propelling them up to 43 mph – the top speed of any bird or land mammal.

Their necks stretch long and high, providing an eagle-eyed lookout for danger far away. With this warning system combined with their remarkable agility, they can make quick escapes to safety when needed.

Ostrich Anatomy

Ostriches are distinctively constructed animals. From the muscular-skeletal system to the respiratory system, these features allow for excellent speed, control, and oxygenation.

Their musculoskeletal structure, for instance, facilitates deft movement propelled by strong leg muscles and an efficient technique that minimizes wasted energy. Additionally, air sacs are dispersed throughout their body, enabling them to efficiently draw in and exhale air.

This enhances ventilation while they are running or flying long distances – quite spectacular!

Gaining an understanding of their anatomy is essential in comprehending how their form allows them to utilize their habitats in the clever ways they do.

Evolution and History of Ostriches

Ostriches have a remarkable lineage. Hailing from the ratite family, they join emus, kiwis, and cassowaries as flightless birds that have been around since around 50 million years ago.

They are recognizable everywhere, making them extraordinary in their own right. With origins in Africa, their evolution has seen them stand out remarkably as they’ve developed over time – one-of-a-kind creatures among other fauna.

Diet of Ostriches

Ostriches are non-picky eaters, consuming both plants and small creatures. With an efficient digestive system, they’re able to digest even the toughest of vegetation, such as thorns and cactus spines.

Insects also make up a part of their diet, and they are known to feast on crickets, grasshoppers, beetles, locusts, moths, and other types of arthropods. Additionally, small animals likewise supply them with vital vitamins and proteins.

Ostrich Behavior

Ostriches are social creatures that live in flocks. They communicate through a range of vocalizations, from hissing to honking, and also use physical signals such as drumming on the ground with their feet.

Living in groups offers many advantages for ostriches, from support to checking on potential threats, helping find food, and even incubating their eggs together. This makes them powerful and able to collaborate effectively and survive in harsher terrains.

Breeding Behavior of Ostriches

During courtship, male ostriches showcase impressive displays to win a mate. Feathers fluffed, feet shuffling, and vocalizations loud- the ritual is an integral part of mating season.

The female will then lay her eggs within a single massive communal nest, often housing over sixty eggs at once. Taking turns to incubate their young during days and nights- one pair will nurture their offspring until they hatch.

Unique Characteristics of Ostrich Eggs

Ostrich eggs are famously huge and robust. They can easily support an adult human’s weight and have a smooth, glossy shell. Utterly remarkable, they can reach up to 3 pounds in weight – hefty compared to other varieties.

Their shell has a special texture that strengthens it further, making it almost impenetrable. A protective asset, its hard surface stands out even amongst other bird species’ eggs. An interesting yet formidable feature of the ostriches’ egg.

Cultural Significance of Ostriches

Ostrich feathers have been prized since ancient times, from the art and fashion of Egypt to home decor around the world. And today, they are even more valuable – as ostrich leather is used in designer products, and the meat is enjoyed internationally.

These powerful birds play a special role in human culture and history, with their feathers laboring not only as an aesthetic choice but providing warmth, comfort, and protection throughout the ages. Yet our admiration for them continues to grow as we explore new ways to make use of these elegant creations.

Ostrich Farming

Ostrich farming has grown into an international industry. And while the meat, leather, and feathers of these flightless birds can be valuable commodities, there are legitimate, ethical questions that must be addressed.

From animal welfare to antibiotics and hormones, this expansive sector of agriculture needs to ensure all practices are beneficial to both the farmer and bird alike. Care must be taken as we observe the effects of our actions on a global scale and determine if certain protocols should continue or be reconsidered.

Conservation Efforts

The vulnerable ostrich, stalked for its prized meat and feathers, faces the threat of extinction due to habitat destruction and poaching. To protect this species, conservation measures must be taken now.

Breeding programs and habitat restoration are among these vital efforts for safeguarding the future of ostriches. Such proactive action is necessary to preserve ecosystems in Africa where these birds live and thrive.

Ostrich Farming

Ostriches are becoming increasingly popular livestock worldwide, with farmers producing their meat, feathers, and leather. Yet such production is not without ethical ramifications – animal welfare, antibiotics, and hormones have all been brought into the limelight.

These issues can’t be ignored; the consequences are too great for the animals, our environment, and our health. A deeper look at industry practices must be taken in order to ensure that they comply with regulations and respect the rights of these unique animals.

The implications go beyond simply joining in a trend – it is a responsibility shared by us all to make sure we keep ostrich farming within acceptable levels of behavior and morality. We must take steps to ensure that this industry maintains high standards of humaneness, environmental conscientiousness, and sustainability.

Comparing Ostriches to Other Ratite Birds

Ostriches are members of the ratite family, which includes other flightless birds. These birds show similarities, such as their shape, but also differentiate with unique adaptations.

Ostrich is distinguishable for their two-toed feet and their large size; most of the other ratites have three toes or four claws. Furthermore, ostriches can run up to 70 km/h (45 mph) at their fastest, and their legs are uniquely adapted for speed.

They are able to cover large distances quickly thanks to their long legs and powerful muscles. Ostrich also differs from other species with their long neck and wings that allow better maneuvering on land.

Additionally, they have special feathers that help protect them against the weather and predators while they look for food.

Ostrich Myths and Legends

Ostriches are steeped in myths, legends, and tall tales. One of the most iconic is their purported ability to bury their heads in the sand when afraid. In reality, they don’t bury but crouch down near the ground as a sign of submission.

Other myths suggest ostriches can feed on anything, metal included, and are immune to venomous snakebites. Both beliefs lack evidence. The ostrich is an impressive bird nonetheless – capable of running up to 40 miles per hour for short distances and has the largest egg relative to the body size of any species on earth.

Tips for Observing Ostriches in the Wild

If you’re eager to observe these majestic birds in their natural habitat, there are some precautions to take. Ostriches frequent arid environments, like savannas and deserts. These creatures need water sources to survive, so you’ll likely find them near rivers and other water holes.

It is important to remain at a distance away from the family of ostriches. Startling them can cause the birds to become aggressive if they feel threatened. Keep your camera or binoculars close, and be sure not to disturb them unnecessarily.

Meanwhile, it’s wise to make sure that a trusted guide accompanies you on your adventure. With their help, you will also get an opportunity to learn more about the species’ preferred habitats and behavior patterns in their native environment.

Fun Facts About Ostriches

  • Ostriches have the largest eyes of any land animal, measuring up to 2 inches in diameter.
  • Ostriches have a unique way of regulating their body temperature. They can raise or lower their body temperature by changing the blood flow to their skin.
  • Ostriches have three stomachs and swallow pebbles to help with digestion.
  • Ostriches can live up to 40-50 years in the wild and up to 70 years in captivity.
  • Ostriches can go without water for several days by getting moisture from the plants they eat.


Do ostriches really bury their heads in the sand?

No, ostriches do not bury their heads in the sand when they are scared or threatened. However, they do lower their heads to the ground, which may have led to the myth.

Are ostriches aggressive toward humans?

Ostriches can become aggressive if they feel threatened or cornered. It is important to keep a safe distance from ostriches and to avoid approaching them too closely.

How fast can ostriches run?

Ostriches are the fastest land animals in the world and can run at speeds of up to 43 miles per hour.

What do ostriches eat?

Ostriches are omnivores and will eat a variety of foods, including plants, insects, and small animals.

How do ostriches regulate their body temperature?

Ostriches have a unique way of regulating their body temperature. They can raise or lower their body temperature by changing the blood flow to their skin.

How long do ostriches live?

Ostriches can live up to 40-50 years in the wild and up to 70 years in captivity.

Why are ostriches farmed?

Ostriches are farmed for their meat, leather, and feathers. However, there are ethical concerns surrounding ostrich farming, including animal welfare and the use of antibiotics and hormones.

How many species of ostriches are there?

There are only one species of ostrich, known as the common ostrich.

How do ostriches communicate with each other?

Ostriches have a variety of communication methods, including hissing, honking, and drumming their feet on the ground.

Are ostriches social animals?

Yes, ostriches are highly social animals and live in groups called flocks.

Can ostriches fly?

No, ostriches are flightless birds and have evolved to run instead of fly.

How do ostriches protect themselves from predators?

Ostriches have a number of defense mechanisms, including their powerful legs and keen eyesight. They can also kick with incredible force and use their wings to intimidate predators.


Ostriches are truly remarkable. Their immense size, incredible speed, and powerful kicks make them a fascinating species to explore. To research these amazing birds, find reliable sources of information and double-check facts.

Make the article even more engaging for readers by adding fun facts, visuals, and simple language into the mix. For a more comprehensive exploration, consider incorporating sections on ostrich farming, myths, and legends, as well as personal experiences. Compare ostriches to other ratite birds too. It will provide unique insight into their fascinating being.

Find more information about Ostriches here

Natgeokids – Great information on this website

Livescience– More helpful information on this website

Treehugger – More helpful facts to help you