Pig Facts

Pigs (Sus scrofa) possess a remarkable sense of smell despite their poor eyesight. Their nostrils, located on their leathery snout, are highly sensitive to touch and are used to root for food. In fact, pigs are considered one of the most intelligent domesticated animals, surpassing even dogs in cognitive ability.

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Pig Facts for Kids

  • Pigs are intelligent, ranking just below apes and dolphins.
  • They can learn their names within 2 weeks of birth.
  • Pigs have excellent memories.
  • They can’t sweat, hence the love for mud!
  • Pigs’ snouts are used for finding food.
  • “Razorback” pigs are a feral breed in the US.
  • A pig’s sense of smell is 2,000 times stronger than humans.
Scientific NameSus scrofa (domestic pig) and Sus scrofa (wild boar)
LifespanDomestic pigs: 6-10 years; Wild pigs: 4-8 years
Average WeightDomestic pigs: 300-700 lbs; Wild pigs: 100-200 lbs
Gestation Period112-115 days (3 months, 3 weeks, and 3 days)
Litter Size6-12 piglets per litter
Sexual MaturityMales (boars): 6-8 months; Females (sows): 6-12 months
DietOmnivores (eat both plant and animal material)
Social BehaviorHighly social, live in groups called sounders
IntelligenceConsidered highly intelligent, ranked similarly to dogs and dolphins

Pigs are naturally clean animals

Pigs are one of the cleanest animals around. They naturally avoid soiling their living spaces and will even create separate areas for eating, sleeping, and relieving themselves. This makes them easy to care for and maintain.

How do pigs stay clean?

Cleanliness is key when it comes to keeping your pigs healthy and happy. Providing them with access to clean water and a hygienic living environment helps prevent the spread of disease and ensures that your pigs stay in top condition.

But it’s not just about keeping things clean. Pigs also need proper nutrition to thrive, with a balanced diet that includes plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, as well as high-quality protein sources. And they need plenty of space to move around and engage in natural behaviors, like rooting and exploring.

Are Pigs Dirty

Pigs can be messy creatures, especially when kept in crowded or unsanitary conditions. But with a little extra effort and attention to detail, you can create a safe and healthy environment that allows your pigs to live their best lives.

What Do Pigs Look Like?

Pigs have stout-bodied, short-legged, omnivorous mammals with thick skin usually sparsely coated with short bristles, and have been domesticated for centuries. They originated from wild stocks still found in European, Asian, and North African forests. With their two functional and two nonfunctional digits, pigs are fascinating creatures that are often overlooked.

Their bristly skin is like armor, protecting them from the elements and any predators that might try to take them down. And their hooves are like little weapons, ready to defend themselves at a moment’s notice.

But don’t let their tough exterior fool you. Pigs are intelligent and social animals, often forming close bonds with their fellow swine. They are also incredibly adaptable, able to thrive in a variety of environments and climates.

Pigs Can’t Sweat

Pigs lack the sweat glands necessary to cool down through perspiration. They rely on thinner skin and special snouts to dissipate heat. Pigs use mud baths and water to reduce their body temperature when it gets too high. They can grow extra hair in hot climates as an extra measure of protection from the heat. Obtaining relief from the heat is thus a challenge for pigs and so they require extra help from their owners in hotter climates.

What Special Features Do Pigs Have?

Ping are intelligent animals. They have a keen sense of smell and are able to detect food and predators from great distances. Additionally, pigs have a complex digestive system that allows them to efficiently extract nutrients from their food.

In terms of behavior, pigs are highly social animals and form close bonds with other pigs. They also have the ability to communicate with each other through a variety of vocalizations and body language. These special features make pigs fascinating creatures to observe and study.

What Do Pigs Like to Do?

If you’ve ever gone to see farm animals, you may notice that they have limited space. They tend to sleep most of their days away. However, whenever pigs aren’t domesticated pigs or are given a great deal of room to run, they tend to sleep less than eight hours a day. This is slightly less than what the average human adult is supposed to sleep.

Generally, pigs spend around 32 percent of their day sleeping. Keep in mind that your average house cat or dog usually sleeps over half of their day away, so this means a pig is awake much more than you or your typical house pet.

Pigs love to bask in the sun. Surprisingly, they even like soft music. You might even be surprised to know that a pig will play ball with you.

What Do You Call the Different Types of Pigs?

Pigs get special names based on their gender. For instance, people may call a male pig a boar, but this term is often given to any type of wild pig of any gender. A gilt is a female pig who has never had babies, while you call a mother pig a sow. Baby pigs are known as piglets.

What Do Pigs Fear?

A female pig or a male pig may get scared at times, just like humans. While you may be scared to sing on stage, a pig has different fears. For instance, a loud noise could scare a pig. A pig will feel threatened when anything is chasing him or her. A pig could also get scared of a strange type of animal or even another pig.

If you are ever in contact with a pig, you want to approach him or her calmly. Never make sudden movements or loud noises. You also want to pay attention to their reactions. A scared pig may run wildly, make loud noises, and may even jump over or under obstacles to get away from what he or she fears. You want to make sure a pig is as calm as possible with you. Their little hearts, along with their massive body weight, can make stress unusually hard for them to handle.

Where Do Pigs Live?

Some pigs live outside in the wild, while others live outside in enclosures. Some people even make pigs their house pets. However, you’ll most likely see pigs on a farm. When they’re on a farm, they live in enclosures known as styes. These styles usually have a fence around them and have bare dirt or mud floor.

Are Pigs Really As Dirty as They Look?

Pigs get a reputation for being dirty since they play in the mud. However, when your mother says your room looks like a pigsty, it’s not actually true. Surprisingly, pigs are one of the cleanest of animals.

Pigs and their homes are relatively clean. In fact, they’re one of the animals that won’t excrete waste in their living or eating quarters unless they absolutely have no choice.

While you might find their mud baths gross, they’re just trying to keep cool when they immerse themselves in the mud. They have no sweat glands, and the mud decreases their body temperature. Sometimes, pigs will wallow in the mud for fun as well. Wild pigs may wallow in the mud to remove lice and ticks.

Other Facts

Pigs that are wild pigs play an important ecological role. In their search for food, they root around in the ground, moving the soil which encourages new plant growth.

Pigs also spread the seeds of the fruit, which gives new fruit the chance to grow.

Cultures around the world eat the meat of pigs.

However, there are some diseases that are contained in pig meat that can be very harmful to humans and certain religions consider it wrong to eat the meat of pigs.

There have been many stories throughout history about pigs saving people’s lives.

It is believed that their bond with humans, combined with their intelligence, allows them the chance to do these feats.

In the Chinese zodiac, the Pig is the twelfth symbol and represents honesty, fortune, virility, and happiness.

A pig’s heart is so similar to a human heart that surgeons will often use various parts of the heart as a replacement in heart surgery. The pig heart valve is the one that is used the most.