Throughout history, stories and tales have depicted wolves as being bad or evil. In reality, they are a necessary creature to keep the balance of nature and they are the ancestors of our domesticated dogs.
Wolf Facts for Kids:
- Wolves are meat-eaters and are listed as carnivores.
- They are the biggest members of the Canid family and once lived in all parts of the Northern Hemisphere.
- Wolves are social animals among their own group or ‘pack’ but cautious and shy in relation to human beings.
- Wolves are not domesticated, they are completely wild.
- Wolves that are common are the timber wolf and the gray wolf.
- A pack of wolves howling can be heard 10 miles away
- The wolf pack comprises an alpha pair and 4 to 10 offspring.
- Wolves communicate using body language, barking, howling, scent-marking, and growling.
- They can live for up to 7 years in the wild and live longer to about 20 years in captivity.
- Wolves have immense strength and use their acute senses and social structure to protect themselves from perils.
- Grey wolf adults can grow to 120-200 cm (4-6.56 ft. long) with a weight of 18-79 kg (40-175 lbs.) They have sharp teeth and thick gray fur but can also have pure black or solid white fur.
- The red wolf is another common wolf and is slightly smaller.
- Other types of wolves include the Great Lakes wolf, also known as the Eastern wolf, the Eastern timber wolf, the deer wolf, and the Algonquin wolf.
- The habitat of wolves tends to be in more remote locations, however, the red wolves live in forests, coastal prairies, and even swamps.
- Wolves can live in a variety of temperatures of both very cold and very warm.
Where do wolves live?
Wolves can be found in many habitats and prefer remote forest, grassland, and wilderness away from people. You’ll find them in North America, Europe, North Africa, and Asia.
The red wolf prefers to live in swamp areas, coastal prairies, and forests in South-Eastern Texas to central Pennsylvania.
We can find the Gray wolf in the Canadian and Alaskan Arctic, also known as the Arctic Wolf.
In South-central Canada you’ll find the Great Lakes wolf, great plains wolf, timber wolf, and buffalo wolf, and in Western Canada, into Alaska, you’ll find the Northwestern wolf, Rocky Mountain wolf, and McKenzie Valley wolf
What do wolves eat in the wild
Wolves are carnivores (meat-eaters) and part of a wolf pack which allows them to hunt in packs and take down bigger mammals such as bison, moose, and deer.
They also eat foxes, squirrels, beavers, rodents, birds, and hares
Do wolves have predators?
Bears will kill wolf pups if there is a dispute over territory or even over the body of a mammal carcass that it’s come across.
Leopards have been known to attack and kill wolves
And not forgetting humans can also kill wolves
Wolves team together and both travel and hunt in packs.
A pack usually has one female and male, along with their young, and typically total around ten wolves in a pack.
The male leader is the alpha male and they will protect their territory against anything that intrudes, including other wolves that are outside of their pack.
Most wolves do their hunting at night and are called ‘nocturnal’. They sleep during the daytime.
Only the alpha male and his female mate have babies. Young wolves are referred to as ‘pups’ and a female can have a litter that can be from 1 to 11 pups.
Adult members of the entire pack will care for the pups when they are born. By the time they are two years old, they are considered adults.
When the wolf population of Yellowstone Park in the U.S. was removed, the various animal populations got out of control, allowing too many animals and not enough food.
Wolves controlled the population and kept animals from starving. Wolves were reintroduced to the location and the balance is being brought back.
How many wolves in the United States
There are over 18,000 in the US with over two-thirds found in Alaska
How many wolves in the World
According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, It’s estimated that they are over 300,000 wolves around the world